Two prominent longitudinal cutaneous folds (of adipose tissues) which extend downward and backward from the mons pubis to the perineum.
Glands located on the anterior wall of the vagina, around the lower end of the urethra. They drain into the urethra and near the urethral opening.
Two glands located slightly below and to the left and right of the opening of the vagina. They secrete mucus to lubricate the vagina.
The pregnancy implants outside the uterine cavity , usually in the fallopian tubes.
The cessation of menses, usually preceeded by 1 to 2 years of decline in ovarian function and menses gradually becoming farther apart and producing lighter flow.
Begins as small, solitary papule that erodes to superficial ulcer ulcer w/yellowish serous discharge.
Benign, distal urethral lesions that are most commonly found in postmenopausal women.
Occurs when the wall between a woman's bladder and her vagina weakens and allows the bladder to droop into the vagina.
Occurs when the thin wall of fibrous tissue (fascia) separating the rectum from the vagina becomes weakened, allowing the front wall of the rectum to bulge into the vagina.
Occurs when pelvic floor muscles and ligaments stretch and weaken, providing inadequate support for the uterus. The uterus then descends into the vaginal canal.
This is a synthetic estrogen drug that is used to treat a number of hormonal conditions. However, it causes problems in developing fetuses and should not be taken during pregnancy. From about 1938 to 1971, DES was given to pregnant women because it was thought to prevent miscarriage. Children of women who took the drug during pregnancy are at risk for certain health problems.
Inflammation of the vagina due to thinning tissue and decreased lubrication. It is related to reduced estrogen levels.
a fungal infection, also commonly referred to as a yeast infection, candidiasis is also technically known as candidosis, moniliasis, and oidiomycosis.
a disease caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. It is most commonly sexually transmitted in the US.
Symptoms include abdominal pain, burning on urination, painful intercourse, vaginal discharge or bleeding after intercourse.
Uterine fibroids are tumors that grow from the wall of the uterus. The wall of the uterus is made of muscle tissue, so a fibroid is a tumor made of muscle tissue. The fibroids start off very small, actually from one cell, and generally grow slowly over years before they cause any problems. Most fibroids are benign; malignant fibroids are rare. The cause of fibroids is unknown, although it is known that fibroids have a tendency to run in families. Fibroids are very common, with an estimated 50% of women having them. Fibroids can be diagnosed by pelvic examination or by ultrasound. Fibroids do not have to be removed unless they are causing symptoms such as heavy periods, irregular bleeding, or severe cramps with periods.
A painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus — the endometrium — grows outside your uterus. Endometriosis most commonly involves your ovaries, bowel or the tissue lining your pelvis. Rarely, endometrial tissue may spread beyond your pelvic region.
The basic units of female reproductive biology, each of which is composed of roughly spherical aggregations of cells found in the ovary. They contain a single oocyte (immature ovum or egg). These structures are periodically initiated to grow and develop, culminating in ovulation of usually a single competent oocyte in humans.
The specialized layer of cells around the blastocyst and begins to produce progesterone around 7 weeks.
A woman who has delivered her first child; a woman who has had one pregnancy that resulted in one or more viable young
First trimester changes:
Nausea, vomiting, fatigue, uterus changes in size and shape, blood pressure decreases at week 7, and FHT's can be heard between 9-12 wks.
Second trimester changes:
Fetal movement quickens, breasts enlarge, colostrum expressed from nipples, Linea nigra, striae gravidarum, bp decreases, GI changes, gingivitis, FHT's more easily heard.
Third trimester changes:
Blood volume peaks w/45% more, increased pulse rate, edema of lower extremities, lordosis, engagement, and mucous plug expelled.