Texas is the largest _____ than any other state
more people work for the ________ than any other institution
state of Texas
75% of all state employees are either in _____ or ___
education or health and human services
State agencies have ______
Hierarchy of Law (Highest to Lowest)
1. Constitutional Law
2. Statutory Law
3. Common Law (Judge-made law)
4. Administrative Law
violate an established rule of order
everything that's not criminal law (basically)
Trial Courts in Texas (for adults)
1. Justices of the Peace (Class C misdemeanors) (up to $5000)
2. Municipal Courts(Class C misdemeanors) (up to $5000)
3. County Courts at Law (Class A and B misdemeanors) ($5000 to $100,000)
4. State District Courts (All felony cases) ($100,000 +) (only one who can do divorces)
1. Justices of the Peace
(Class C misdemeanors) (up to $5000)
2. Municipal Courts
(CClass C misdemeanors) (up to $5000)
3. County Courts at Law
(Class A and B misdemeanors) ($5000 to $100,000)
4. State District Courts
(All felony cases) ($100,000 +) (only one who can do divorces)
one that files the lawsuit (offence)
one that responds to the lawsuit (defense)
_____intermediary courts of appeals that look over cases
2 Courts of last resort
Texas State Supreme Court (civil court and juvy) and Texas State Court of Criminal Appeals (criminal cases) - highest you can go on the state level
Can appeal to the US Supreme Court if ______
there has to be something federal involved.
All judges all judges are elected except _____
four year terms
Appeals courts are elected for
six year terms
In a death sentence case that is appeals, it will go straight to the ________
Court of Criminal Appeals
How do you receive a jury summons
Through the snail mail.
How do they get your name for a jury summons?
DMV (main one), voter registration, property owner
case load of a given court
coming together (gathering of potential juries)
District Court employs
County Court employs
actual selection of the jurors
Most Common type of crime is over
Qualifications to Serve on a Jury
1. Must be a citizen of US and TX
2. Must be 18
3. Must be of sound mind
4. Must be able to read and write (unless literate jurors are not available)
5. Must not have been convicted of any type of felony or misdemeanor involving theft.
Statutory Exemption (Option to serve or not serve)
1. People 70 + years
2. People who have legal custody of child(ren) under the age of 10
3. People who are enrolled in and are attending a university, college, or secondary school.
4. Primary caregiver of an invalid
5. Are employed by the legislative branch of the state government
6. Already have served on a jury in the past three years and you live in a county more than 250,000 residence.
At the very lower courts they do not have to be an ___, but everyone else up has to.
Governor Appoints if a judge space is ___until the next general election.
Five reasons for punishment
2. Isolate Chronic offenders
3. Deterrence - discouraging someone from doing something
5. Restitution (civil cases)(not intended, but happened)
In Texas death penalty is _____.
Reasons a person can be executed
1. Murdering police officers, firefighters, and children under the age of six
2. To commit a murder in the act of committing another felony (robbing a house and people are home and you kill them)
3. Murder for hire
4. Serial Killers (pregnant women is considered killing two people)
Not everyone who is found guilty of a ___ is put to death
By constitutional law Texas must have a ____.
Controller of public accounts
Tells the legislative how much they are allowed to spend and how much they are expecting to come in. Authority over expenditure.
Texas Finance meeting
Sept 1st - Aug 31st
Two most expensive items in the state budget
education and health and human services
Two most important sources of income
taxes and federal grants and aid
Community colleges can generate funds from ___, so they can charge less,
Permeate university funds
based on profits made off of Texas lands