Reproductive System

90 terms by tpeterman14 

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men/o

menstruation

-gravida

pregnant

gynec/o

female

colp/o

vagina

cervic/o

cervix

oophor/o

ovary

prostat/o

prostate

orchid/o

testicle

metr/o

uterus

episi/o

vulva

-pexy

surgical fixation

salping/o

fallopian tube

mamm/o

breast

nulli-

none

endometrium

inner layer of the uterus

zygote

fertilized egg immediately after conception

Bartholin's glands

produces mucus to lubricate the vagina

fimbriae

finger-like structures of the fallopian tube that catch the ovum

premenstral

phase of the menstrual cycle the occurs approximately between days 15 and 28

anteflexion

normal position of the uterus

menarche

the beginning of the menstrual function that begins at puberty

epidiymis

runs down the length of the testicle and then turns upward into the body, where it becomes a narrower tube called the vas deferens

perineum

region between the vaginal orifice and the anus

ovulation

the release of a mature egg by the ovary

lactiferous ducts

carry milk from the mammary

scrotum

encloses the testicles

vuvla

external female genitalia

prepuce

protets the tip of the penis

clitoris glands

sensitive tissue near vaginal opening

primigravida

a woman during her first pregnancy

colostrum

fluid secreted by the breast during the first days after giving birth

vulvitis

inflammtion of the vulva

azoospermia

total absence of sperm in the semen

nullipara

a woman who has never borne a viable child

prostate gland

secretes a thick fluid that aids the motility of the sperm

menstruation

the normal periodic discharge from the uterus

placenta

sac that hold is baby while in the mother (also known as the afterbirth)

papenicolaov test

an exfoliative biopsy for the detection and diagnosis of conditions of the cervix and surrounding tissues (also known as pap's mere)

circumcision

surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis

gonorrhea

STD characterized by painful urination and abnormal discharge

syphilis

STD caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum

genital herpes

STD antiviral durgs ease symptoms but do not cure

genital warts

STD human papilloma virus

trichomonas

STD a vaginal inflammation caused by a protozoan parasite

pyosalpinx

an accumulation of pus in the fallopian tube

varicocele

a varicose vein of the testicles

retroflexion

abnormal tipping with the body of the uterus bent and forming an angle with the cervix

oligomenorrhea

a markedly reduced menstrual flow and abnormal infrequent menstruation

chorionic villus sampling

the diagnostic test that is usually performed between the eighth and tenth week of pregnancy

areola

the dark area surrounding the nipple

breech presentation

when the buttocks or feet are presented first during delivery

eclampsia

most serious form of toxemia of pregnancy

colporrhaphy

suturing the vagina

umbilical cord

structure that connects the fetus to the placenta

father

when the mother's blood is Rh-negative and the father's is Rh-positive, the baby may inherit the Rh factor from which parent

lochia rubra

vaginal discharge that occurs during the first week or two after childbirth

hysteroscope

an endoscope used for direct visual examination of the interior of the uterus

amion

also known as the bag of waters

dilation

the expansion of an opening

mittelschmerz

pain between menstrual periods and usually occurs at the time of ovulation

PSA

test to check for prostate cancer

Apgar score

an evaluation of a newborn infant's physical status

hystersalpingography

the uses of dye through a catheter to see an image of the uterus and fallopian tubes

ectopic pregnancy

pregnancy that occurs within the fallopian tubes

prostatomegaly is a symptom of

prostatomegaly is a symptom of

cesarean section

delivery through an incision in the maternal abdominal and uterine wall (also known as a "C" section)

prostesterrhea

urethral discharge coming from the prostate gland

amenorrhea

the stopping for menstrual periods without pregnancy

episotomy

used to prevent laceration of the tissues during the delivery of a baby

spontaneous abortion

a miscarriage

fibroid

a benign tumor derived from the smooth muscle of the uterus (also known as leiomyoma)

vastectomy

surgical removal of a portion of both vas deferens, a sterilization procedure

placenta previa

abnormal implantation of the placenta in the lower portion of the uterus

neonate

a newborn baby

colostrum

fluid secreted by the breasts during the first days after giving birth

menometrorrhagia

excessive uterine bleeding that occurs during both the menses and at irregular intervals

balanitis

inflammation of the glans penis

cervical dysplasia

precancerous lesions of the cervix

leukorrhea

profuse white mucus discharge from the uterus and vagina

vaginocele

a hernia protruding into the vagina

mastodynia

pain in the breast

endometritis

inflammation of the endometrium

oophoroplasty

surgical repair of an ovary

vaginodynia

pain in the vagina

hysterorrhaphy

to suture the uterus

hysterocele

a hernia of the uterus, particularly during pregnancy

oophoropexy

surgical fixation of a displaced ovary

hysterorrhexis

rupture of the uterus, particularly during pregnancy

vulvovaginitis

inflammation of the vulva and the vagina

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