civics exam review

121 terms by emoore96

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people, authority, territory

what are the basic characteristics of government?

provide public service, resolve social conflict, provide a stable economy, protection

why do we need government?

public schools, roads and welfare

what are examples of public services provided by the government?

courts

what does the government provide to settle disputes

yes

is the most important job of the government maintaining order?

federal republic

what is the system of government that best describes the US?

yes

is a political party a group of people with common ideas on government who unite to try to influence government?`

republic

voters hold all the power and reps use that power for themselves

theocracy

rule by a religious group

autocracy

rule by one person; ex: dicatator

socialism

economy is controlled by everyone for the common good

capitalism

based on private ownership of prodcution and economic freedom

anarchy

the absence of goverment

monarchy

rule by a king, queen or emperor

democracy

rule by many

oligarchy

rule by few people like communism

communism

government ownership and control over the entire economy

totalitarian government

a government in which the ideas of a single leader or a small group are the only way

maintain social order

what is the most imporant reason we need a government/

federal system

power is shared between the national government and the state government

yes

democrats and replubicans are the 2 competeing parties in the US

political party

a group of people with common ideas on government who unite to try to influence governmetn

raise taxes

as a result of the magna carta, the english king had to seek approval from the parliament in order to...

montiesquie

a phiolsopher who contributed to the idea of Seperation of powers

john locke

a philosopher who believed taht all people were born with equal and certain "natural rights"

french and indian war

what occured in the late 1750s and early 1760s that caused the British government to begin to enforrce the laws and collect the taxes they were supposed to against the colonists?

salutary neglect

the british did not strictly enforce the laws on the colonies

bill of rights

a list of right and privileges that citizens of the united states possess

confederation

after declaring independence from great britian, what was the new form of government the US took?

articles of confederation

what was the first written consitution of the newly formed US?

states

where was most the power in the articles of confederation?

make laws

the primary job of the legislative branch is to..?

seperation of powers

the division of authority between the 3 brranches of government is..

judicial branch

interpret and apply laws

executive branch

enforce laws

checks and balances

allows each branch to have some control over the other 2, makes sure 1 branch doesn't get too powerful

president

who is the head of the executive branch?

declare war, create army or navy, tax

what are the 3 powers given to congress in article one of the consitution?

30

how old must you be to become a senator?

in the state you represent

in order to become a senator or representative, you must live...

2

number of senators per state..

legislative

what kind of powers did article one of the consitution give congress?

no

can a president completey rewrite a bill and sign the new version and make it into a law?

house of representatives and senate

before a bill can be sent to the president, it must first be passed by

yes

can a bill become a law once the president signs it?

2/3

the congress can override a president's veto on a bill with a ___ majority vote.

no

the minimum age you have to be to run for president is 30 years old..

yes

do you have to be born in the US in order for you to be able to run for president?

4 years

what is one term of a president?

senate

who must approve of the government officials and treaties a president makes?

head of state

the president is the leader and the living symbol of our country

chief executive

the president runs the executive branch and makes sure laws are carried out

party leader

the president promotes the importtant ideas of his political party

cheif legislator

the president proposes laws to congress and pushes them to pass laws which he wants

commander in cheif

the president is responsible for the control of the military and directs troops

cheif diplomat

the president directs foreign policy and works with other countries

economic planner

the presiden is responsible to help the nations economy

advise and assist

the primary jobs of the President's Cabinet are to ____ him.

life

the length of a term for a federal judge or justice is

9

how many justices are in the US supreme court?

treason

what is the only crime defended in the consitution?

3/4

what fraction of states must approve an amendment for it to be added to the consitution?

protection and a republican form of government.

what 2 things does the national government guarantee each state?

yes

can congress amend the constitution without the approval of anyone else?

supremacy clause

Article VI of the constitution is known as the...?

federal system

the national government shares power with the state government

tax

what is an example of a concurrent power?

petit jury

determines guilty or innocence.

grand jury

determines if there is enough evidence

felony

major crime

misdemeanor

minor crime

yes

are most crimes committed violations of state law?

supreme court

what is the highest judicial authority in the state of tennessee?

governor

who is the states executive branch run by?

metro council

the legislative branch of nashville's government

special district

a school board is an example of a ___ district.

mayor

the head of nashville's executive branch

sheriff

who helps enforce county laws in tennessee?

zoning ordinance

setting aside land in a city for different uses

false

T/F: the mayor responsible for making laws for nashville.

supereme court

highest court in the judicial branch

general assembly

tennessee's legislature which includes 99 reps and 33 senators

commander and cheif

what is not one of the main responsibilites of the governor?

99;33

tennessee's state legislature has ___ reps and ___ senators

line-item veto

it allows the governor to get rid of parts bills rather than the whole thing

encouraged

for the first 100 years of our country, were immigrants encouraged or discouraged to setting in the US

14

what amendment defines who a US citizen is?

18

how old must you be to become a US citizen?

jus soli

most babies born in the US are automatically US citizens.

no

do you have to have a high school diploma to be able to become a US citizen?

naturalization

the process an immigrant goes through to become a US citizen

1,000,000

about how many immigrants come to the US each year?

utah

which of the following is NOT one of the 5 states with the highest number of illegal immigrants? florida, texas, new york, texas, California.

10

about how many percent of babies born in the US are to illegal immigrants?

enemy alien

a person living in a country that is at war with the country which he or she is a citizen

naturalization

the process that an immigrant goes through to become a US citizen

illegal alien

a person who moves into the United states without permission

citizen

a native of a country or someone who is a naturalized in a country who owes allegiance to the government and has certain rights and privileges.

immigrant

a person who moves to another country

refugee

a person who flees a country for safety

non-resident alien

a person working in the United States temporarily who is not a citizen and does not have a permanent residence

resident alien

a person who is not a citizen but legally lives in the united states

citizenship

being given certain rights, duties, and privileges of a citizen

alien

a person living in a country who has not become a citizen yet

jus sanguinis

babies who are born to US citizens are automatically US citizens no matter where they are born

immmigration and control

what act of 1986 punished businesses that hired illegal immigrants?

pure speech

normal spoken communicationin public or private

symbolic speech

freedom of expression; EX: burning a flag

establishment clause

the government can not make an official religion that all people must follow nor can they favor one religion over the others

seditious speech

speech that encourages or provokes the overthrow of a government

clear and present danger

speech that threatens the safety of the country or the safety of individuals

slander

false SPEECH that damages a person's character or repuation

libel

written WORDS that damage a person's character or repuatation

fighting words

speech so insulating that it provokes violence

double jeopardy

once a person has been tried once for a crime and found innocent, they cannot be tried again for the same crime

right to remain silent

"nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself"

eminent domain

when the government takes private property and uses it for public use

due process

means the government must act fairly and within the guidelines of the established rules and laws

judge

who must a search warrant be issued by?

bill of rights

what are the first 10 amendments known as?

no

can anyone, regardless of age or criminal background, legally purchase and carry a gun?

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