Italian born navigator explored the coast of new england, nova scotia, and newfoundland. gave england claim in north america.
Claimed Brazil for Portugal.
Big commercial center for importing and exporting commodities
Spanish 'conqueror' or soldier in the new World.
Portuguese, first European to reach the southern tip of Africa.
Sir Francis Drake
England sea captain, robbed Spanish teasure ships; 'singed the king beard'; involved in the armada.
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
Monarchs who united Spain; responsible for the reconquista.
Indians were requied to work a certain number of days for a land owner, but had their own land to work as well.
Vasco da Gama
Sailed from Portugal for India.
Prince Henry the Navigator
Prince of Portugal who established and observitory and school of navigation at Sagres and directed voyages that spurred the growth of Portugal's colonial empire.
Portuguese navigator. While tying to find a western route to Asia, he was killed in the Philippines. One of his ships returned to Spain, thereby completing the first circumnavigation of the globe.
A water route from the Atlantic to the Pacific through northern Canada and along the northern coast of Alaska. Sought by navigators since the 16th century.
Sir Walter Raleigh
English courtier, navigator, colonizer, and writer. A favorite of Elizabeth |, he introduced tabacco and the potato to Europe. Convicted of a treason by James |, he was released for another expedition to Guiana and executed after its failure.
Treaty of Tordesillas
Set the Line of Demarcation which was a boundry established in 1493 to define Spanish and Portuguese possessions in the Americas.
Giovanni de Verrazano
Italian explorer of the Atlantic coast of North America.