substitution for anagreeable or at least non-offensive expression for one whose plainer meaning might be harsh
exaggeration for emphasis or rhetorical effect
all kinds of perceptions which create pictures in the mind
expression of something that is contrary to the intended meaning. Words say one thing, but mean another
repetition of same sound starting a couple of the words. "sally went to sea shore to buy sea shells"
a brief reference to a person, event or condition of the past that is presumably familiar to the reader
comparison between two objects or ideas that appear different on the surface. writing an essay is like riding a bike
repetition of word/phrase at the beginning of successive phrases/clauses. we shall not falter, we shall not fall.
short story with a larger work concerning an interesting, amusing or incident to grab reader's attention
brief and unusually concise statement of a principle or truth. "love thy neighbor"
sudden turn from the general audience to address a certain group or personified abstraction
opposition or contrast of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction."one should eat to live, not live to eat"
use of older or obsolete words or phrases... "thou art thee"
repetition of the same sound in words close to each other "fake and bake"
author's use of an extremely long list of items to prove a point or overwhelm the reader
word or phrase used in conversation and indispensable to an easy informal style of writing. "ya'll"
putting two contrasting ideas side by side.
comparison not using like or as "i was an eagle soaring in the air"
use of an attribute to associate ideas "pen is mightier than the sword"
paradox that combines two terms usually seen as opposite (jumbo shrimp)
using the same pattern of words to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance.
assertion seemingly opposed to common sense, but that may yet have some truth to it
granting of human qualities to non-human things
long string of metaphors/similies that are seemingly out of nowhere and have a negative connotation
return of a word phrase or effect in any form of writing
study of words and how one can use them to fulfill purpose. meaning and attitude
comparison using like or as. "I was like an eagle soaring through the air
author's unique techniques using words, phrases and sentences to form his ideas and create his unique purposes
understanding one thing with another. the use of a part for the whole or the whole for the part. "ten thousand feet marches across the land"
purposefully representing a thing as less significant than it really is. "the criminal made one minor mistake - he forgot to wear a mask.
author's attitude towards his or her subject
author's choice of words based upon their correctness, clarity and effectiveness
appeal to the right or wrong
order, arrangement and relationship of words, phrases, clauses and sentences in writing
appeal to emotion
appeal to logic