the view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life including cultural development
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
the mathematical relationship by which distances on a map reduce actual distances on earth.
Projection that attempts to balance several possible projection errors. It does not maintain completely accurate area, shape, distance, or direction, but it minimizes errors in each.
Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities
The portion of the economy concerned with transportation, communications, and utilities, sometimes extended to the provision of all goods and services to people in exchange for payment
A system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and recievers.
A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data.
research method in which information is obtained by asking many individuals a fixed set of questions
a periodic and official count of a country's population
study of the origins and meaning of place-names
The exact position of a place on the earth's surface.
the position of a place in relation to another place
fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group
An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
A place that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity.
The trend toward increased cultural and economic connectedness between people, businesses, and organizations throughout the world.
Differences that are maintained around the world between places/ cultural groups no matter how much globalization spreads
Cultural traits in order from most specific to lease specific; cultural realm, region, system, complex, and trait
Locations on earth's surface where specific cultures first arose.
the modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contact with those of another; the resultant blend
the process by which minorities gradually adopt patterns of the dominant culture
The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process.
spread of a feature from one power down to other persons or places
The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.
The spread of an underlying principle, but it is teaked slightly
Culture spread by the movement of people as they take it with them
Culture expands, but then dies at the hearth
The farther away and more time it takes for a culture to spread, the less likely it is to catch on
The total number of people divided by the total land area.
The number of people per unit of area of arable land
the measure of a relationship between two variables or sets of data (not cause-effect)
Crude Birth rate
the number of live births yearly per thousand people in a population
Crude Death Rate
the number of deaths yearly per thousand people in a population
Natural Rate of Increase
difference between death and birth rate
Population Growth Rate
measurement that combines both natural increase and net migration to calculate the overall growth of a country's population
Total Fertility Rate
The average number of children born to a woman during her childbearing years.
the total fertility rate needed for a population to replace itself
70 divided by % rate
Infant Mortality Rate
the number of babies that die per 1,000 live births in one year
Demographic Transition Model
Has 4 steps. Stage 1 is low growth (low stationary), Stage 2 is High Growth (early expanding), Stage 3 is Moderate Growth (late expanding), and Stage 4 is Low Growth (low stationary), and Stage 5 although not officially a stage is a possible stage that includes zero or negative population growth. This is important because this is the way our country and others countries around the world are transformed from a less developed country to a more developed country.
English economist: Said that population tends to increase more rapidly than food supplies
Principal critic of Malthusian theory who argued that overpopulation could be solved by increasing the number of susistence farmers.
largest number of individuals of a population that a environment can support
induces people to move out of their present location
induces people to move into a new location
an exile who flees for safety
Permanent movement compelled usually by cultural factors.
migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there
An environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that hinders migration.
The presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away.
the return of migrants to the regions from which they earlier emigrated
A mathematical formula that describes the level of interaction between two places, based on the size of their populations and their distance from each other.
the way a group of people live
the aspects of current culture that make up its arts and entertainment (such as fads, fashions, art, media, music, movies, sports, advertising, etc.)
Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
an inhibition or ban resulting from social custom or emotional aversion
meat prepared according to Muslim law
Jewish dietary laws
Language family including the Germanic and Romance languages that is spoken by about 50% of the world's people.
Language area that spreads through most of Southeast Asia and China and is comprised of Chinese, Burmese, Tibetan, Japanese, and Korean.
North Africa (Sahara and Nile River Valley); old ancestor of Semitic languages including Arabic and Hebrew.
This language family is located in Southern India and some in Middle India as well, their languages have interesting sounds (pronounciation), the main language associated with this family is Tamil and this language has symbols
The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.
slang or improper way of speaking
A geographic boundary within which a particular linguistic feature occurs
new languages are formed when a language breaks into dialects
the language of the Basque people of no relation to other languages
a family of languages spoken in southern Africa (click language)
used of a society that has not developed writing
an artificial language based as far as possible on words common to all the European languages
A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages.
an artificial language used for trade between speakers of different languages (Spanglish)
a mother tongue that originates from contact between two languages
refers to the process in which a pidgin becomes the native language for a given group
Official Languages of UN
French, Russian, Arabic, English, Spanish, Chinese
focus on one ethnic group and generally have not spread into other cultures
religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those who live in a particular location
separate religions that combine into a new religion; often borrow from the past and the present.
Dispute between 2 religions
Dispute within 1 religion