Chapters 20-22

Created by hermosagirl3 

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General Ulysses S. Grant

Union general; later became head general through a series of victories

April 14, 1865 (Good Friday)

Assassination of President Lincoln by John Wilkes Booth (date)

10 percent reconstruction plan

Made by Abraham Lincoln that once a certain amount of people recognized the Union and slavery, the state would be allowed back into the Union

14th Amendment

made former slaves citizens and provided them with equal protection under the law

Alaska

State purchased from Russia

President Abraham Lincoln

President of the Union during the Civil War

Peninsula campaign

Union attack on Richmond using the James and York Rivers

Battle of Antietam

General Lee against General McClellan; Union victory; bloodiest battle of the Civil War

Battle of Vicksburg

Union Victory; ended a day after the end of the Battle of Gettysburg; gave the Mississippi River to the Union

13th Amendment

Banned slavery in the United States

Wade-Davis Bill

Demanded a higher amount of people to recognize the Union and slavery; "pocket-vetoed' by Lincoln

15th Amendment

Formally gave black men the right to vote

President Jefferson Davis

President of the Confederate States of America during the Civil War

General "Stonewall" Jackson

Confederate General received a nickname after the 1st battle of Bull Run-Lee's Right hand man

Emancipation Proclamation

Issued by President Lincoln; technically freed slaves; spurred by Union victory at Antietam

General William Sherman

Union General that led a conquest of Georgia; critical for the reelection of Lincoln

Freedmen's Bureau

A primitive welfare agency for newly freed blacks resulted from the Civil War

Black Codes

laws passed in the Old South which heavily restricted newly freed blacks

"Scalawags"

Southerners that were formerly Unionists and Whigs

Battle of Bull Run

First battle of Civil War; Southern Victory

Monitor vs. Merrimack

Ironclad ship battle that signaled the end of the wooded built ships

Battle of Gettysburg

General Lee against General Meade; Union victory; signaled last Confederate offensive into Union territory

Appomattox Court House

Surrender of General Lee to General Grant; end of Civil War

President Andrew Johnson

President resulting from the death of Lincoln

Civil Rights Bill

A bill passed by Radical Republicans that attempted to grant the freedmen citizenship before the 14th amendment was written

Ku Klux Klan

Radical Southern whites who opposed freedom of slaves; lashed out on blacks; often violently

Reconstruction Era

1865-1877

Civil War

1861-1865

General George McClellan

Union General Commander of the Peninsula Campaign and removed twice from head general position by President Lincoln

General Robert E. Lee

Main Confederate general

The Battle of Antietam was particularly critical because it

probably prevented intervention by Britain and France on behalf of the Confederacy

The Union's establishment of the National banking System

was the first significant step toward a unified banking network since 1836

Reconstruction might have been more successful if

Thaddeus Steven's radical program of drastic economic reforms and stronger protection of political rights had been enacted

The North's "victory" at Antietam allowed President Lincoln to

issue the Emancipation Proclamation

The Emancipation Proclamation had the effect of

strengthening the moral cause and diplomatic position of the Union

After halting Lee's troops at Antietam, General George McClellan

was removed from his field command

The supreme test of American democracy in the nineteenth century was

the civil war

The main purpose of the Black Codes was to

ensure a stable labor supply

The Union's victory in the capture of _______ was probably critical to Lincoln's reelection in 1864

Atlanta

To find effective high-level commanders, the Union

used trial and error

During the Civil War, diplomacy for the Union and the Confederacy

was critical for both

During the Civil War, the Union

launched a new national banking system

Out of scalawags, Ku Klux Klan, Union League, Freedmen, and Carpetbaggers, which one is least like the others

Ku Klux Klan

The "Exodusters" westward move to Kansas faltered when

steamboat captains refused to transport them across the Mississippi

The fate of the Confederate leaders after 1865 was that

all were eventually pardoned

Lincoln hoped that a Union victory at Bull Run would

lead tot he capture of the Confederate capital at Richmond

The Battle of Gettysburg was significant because

Union victory meant that the Southern cause was doomed

As a result of the Civil War, the Northern economy

emerged more prosperous than ever before

The greatest weakness of the South during the Civil War was its

economy

Clement L. Vallandigham, a Southern sympathizer and vocal opponent of the war, was derisively labeled a

Copperhead

One of the key developments enabling the Union to stop the Confederate thrust into the North at Antietam was

The Union's discovery of Robert E. Lee's battle plans

For congressional Republicans one of the most troubling aspects of the Southern state's restoration to the Union was that

the South would be stronger than ever in national politics

The Civil War resulted in

-The end of slavery
-the creation of the first federal social welfare agency
-expanded federal powers of taxation
-the end of nullification and secession

Radical congressional Reconstruction of the South finally ended when

the last federal troops were removed in 1877

At the end of the Civil War, many white Southerners

still believed that their view of secession was correct

In the election of 1864, the Republicans joined with the pro-war Democrats and founded the_____ party

Union

Many northerners were willing to allow southern states to leave the Union until

the south attacked Fort Sumter

Northern soldiers eventually became known for their

discipline and determination

For blacks, emancipation meant

-The ability to search for lost family
-the opportunity to form their own churches
-the opportunity for an education
-the right to get married

After the Peninsula Campaign, Union strategy included

-blockading the Confederacy's coastline
-Marching through Georgia and then the Carolinas
-Cutting the Confederacy in half
-liberating slaves

European powers favored a civil war in the US because

war would weaken the Unites States' power in the western Hemishpere

To achieve its independence, the Confederacy had to

fight the invading Union army to a draw

As the Civil War began, the south seemed to have the advantage of

more talented military leaders

the North's greatest strength in the civil war was its

economy

A supposed asset for the South at the beginning of the Civil War that never materialized to its real advantage was

intervention from Britain and France

The South's victory at Bull Run in 1861

reduced enlistments in the south's army

Arrange the following in chronological order: Battle of Bull Run, Battle of Gettysburg, Lee's surrender at Appomattox, Battle of Antietam

Battle of Bull Run, Battle of Antietam, Battle of Gettysburg, Lee's surrender at Appomattox

The most alarming Confederate threat to the Union blockade came from

the ironclad Merrimack

When it was issued in 1863, the Emancipation Proclamation declared free only those slaves in

states still in rebellion against the United States

The greatest achievements of the Freedmen's Bureau were in

education

the incident that caused the clash between Congress and President Johnson to explode into the open was

Johnson's veto of the bill to extend the Freedmen's Bureau

The 14th amendment guaranteed

citizenship to freed slaves

Radical Reconstruction state governments

passed much desirable legislation and badly needed reforms

Methods used by Ku Klux Klan members to achieve their goal of white supremacy included

-scare tactics
-beatings
-murder
-mutilation

Congress's impeachment of President Johnson and attempt to remove him from office were directly precipitated by his

dismissal of Secretary of War Stanton in 1867

Many feminist leaders were disappointed with the 14th amendment because it

failed to give women the right to vote

In is 10 percent plan for Reconstruction, PResident Lincoln promised

rapid readmission of Southern states into the Union

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