In Kabuki theatre, wooden clappers whose beats accompany a mie pose at a particularly intense or profound moment.
In Kabuki theatre, a sudden, striking pose (with eyes crossed, chin sharply turned, and the big toe pointed toward the sky) at a particularly intense or profound moment; accompanied by several beats of wooden clappers, the Ki.
An encyclopedia of classical Indian dramatic theory and practice, written ca. 200 BCE-200 CE. Teaches actors dancing and stage gestures; also covers costume design, plot construction, music, and poetry.
Men who play female roles in Kabuki theatre. See also Kabuki.
Japanese puppet theatre with large wooden puppets with many movable parts, onstage puppeteers dressed in black, and a narrator who chants the script.
A popular, robust, and spectacular version of the Japanese Noh theatre. The name comes from the characters for "song" (ka), "dance," (bu), and "skill" (ki). See also Noh.
"Story play"; a form of Indian folk drama begun in the second century CE and based on the Hindu epic poems Ramayana and Mahabharata.
A form of traditional Japanese drama combining poetry, acting, singing, and dancing that was developed during the 1300s. Compare Kabuki.
Theatre that does not have its origins in ancient Greece; includes the ancient ritual theatre of Africa, traditional theatre of Asia, and Islamic shadow and puppet theatres.
In the Peking opera, supernatural beings, warriors, bandits, and other stock characters whose makeup used elaborate geometrical designs and colors that symbolized character traits: red for loyalty, blue for vigor and courage, yellow for intelligence, black for honesty, and brown for stubbornness.
A synthesis of music, dance, acting, and acrobatics first performed in the 1700s in China by strolling players in markets, temples, courtyards, and the streets. Known in China as the opera of the capital," or ching-hsi, it was founded by Qing dynasty Emperor Ch'ien-lung (1736-1795).
precolonial African theatre
Indigenous African theatre that grew out of ritual and predates contact with Europeans. A combination of ritual, ceremony, and drama, it incorporates acting, music, storytelling, poetry, and dance; the costumed actors often wear masks. Audience participation is common.
The middle stage of theatre's evolution from rituals; the theatrical techniques of song, dance, and characterization were used, but the performances' purpose was that of rituals.
One of the earliest forms of theatre in India, performed in Sanskrit by professional touring companies on special occasions in temples, palaces, or temporary theatres.
A form of theatre created by lighting two-dimensional figures and casting their shadows on a screen. Probably originated in China around 100 BCE and later became popular in Islamic lands, where people were prohibited from playing characters.
A form of postcolonial theatre in Africa that mixed traditional African ritual theatre and Westernstyle drama; appeared during the 1960s after African nations won their independence from European rule.
Drama that grew out of the theatre of Thespis in ancient Greece around 500 BCE. It passed from the Athenians to the Romans to the medieval Europeans and then to North America.