Learning Objectives: 4

40 terms by CharlieGreene 

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Deuteronomic History/ United Monarcy

anoint

to apply oil to as a sacred rite especially for the consecration

ark of the covenant

Chest carried from place to place by the Israelites. Provides presence of God. May have had testimonials written by Moses.

ban

a decree that prohibits something

Canaan

before 1000 BCE~ before the Monarchy

charismatic

having special qualities or powers that are used for healing or prophecy

clean/unclean

~

confederation

the state of being allied

Deuteronomy

the fifth book of the Old Testament

elder

the wise in Biblical terms

etiology

story told to explain phenonom

exile

to exit by force

Israel

After 1000 BCE~ after the monarcy

judge

leaders of loose confederation tribes

Lex Talionis

eye for an eye

nazir

a son who is dedicated to God and must follow specific rules like these: no cutting hair, no touching dead bodies, no drinking alcohol, no eating grapes, etc.

Palestine

what used to be Canaan, called after the split (split 922)

solidarity

The Christian virtue of social charity and friendship

theology

study of religion and religious ideas

tribe

group of people related by blood or marriage

Babylonian Exile

(587-539) ~ period of history when the Babylonians forced most of the inhabitants of judah to migrate to Babylon; the Exile

Bathsheba

Beautiful woman who David committed adultery with. He sent her husband to die on the front lines so he would die.

David

In the first book of Samuel is found the story of Goliath and this person; King of Israel made Jerusalem the capital city

Deborah

1100 B. C. judge and prophet of the old testament; started a war against the Canaanites
(1st women judge)

Delilah

(Old Testament) the Philistine mistress of Samson who betrayed him by cutting off his hair and so deprived him of his strength

Deuteronomic History

the six books of the Bible influenced in their language and theology by the book of Deuteronomy, including Joshua, Judges, 1 and 2 Samuel, and 1 and 2 Kings~ written during Babalyion Exile (587-539 BCE)

Ehud

a left-handed judge who freed Israel from Moabite oppression (the one that killed the fat king; his knife got stuck in his belly fat)

Gideon

Israel's sixth military leader; defeated a vastly superior enemy army with just 300 chosen men

Goliath

(Old Testament) a giant Philistine warrior who was slain by David with a slingshot

Hannah

prayed to God for a child (because before she was baron) ~ mother of Samual

Jesse

King David's father

Jepthah

born of a prostitute evicted from his home before becoming a judge

Jericho

city the Israelites captured using only shouts and trumpet blasts (the breaking off 300 pots) ~ a village in Jordan near the north end of the Dead Sea

Joshua

a book in the Old Testament describing how Joshua led the Israelites into Canaan (the Promised Land) after the death of Moses ~ Moses' successor who led the Israelites into the Promised Land

Nathan

the prophet who corrected King David after his afair with Bathsheba

Philistines

A group that migrated in the twelfth century B.C. They became one of the principal rivals of the Israelites during and after the demise of the Canaanites ~ traders and ship builders

Rahab

A Canaanite woman of Jericho who helped the Israelite spies escape

Samson

(Old Testament) a judge of Israel who performed herculean feats of strength against the Philistines until he was betrayed to them by his mistress Delilah

Saul

the first king of the Israelites who defended Israel against many enemies (especially the Philistines)

Samuel

Last judge of Israel

First 12 books of the Bible

1) Joshua
2) Judges
3) Ruth
4) 1 Samuel
5) 2 Samuel
6) 1 Kings
7) 2 Kings
8) 1 Chronicles
9) 2 Chronicles
10) Ezra
11) Nehemiah
12) Ester

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