wonder and awe
What gifts of the Holy Spirit give us the vision to see the beauty and holiness of human life?
because God shares his life with everyone and we are created in his own image
Why is every human being sacred and holy?
God sharing his life and love with us
What is sanctifying grace?
the Holy Spirit helping us to live as children of God
What is actual grace?
when Adam and Eve disobey God by eating of the forbidden tree and they were banned from the Garden of Eden
What is the story of the Fall in the book of Genesis?
the spiritual and immortal part of our body; never dies
Describe the human soul.
to love and serve God and to choose to center our lives around him and to choose right from wrong
What ability does our free will give us?
to know God and to reflect on how God is part of our lives
What power does our intellect give us?
a journey to a sacred place; because we are on an earthly journey toward the Kingdom of God
What is a pilgrimage and how is our life considered a sacred pilgrimage?
that her path to holiness was to love
What did St. Therese discover about our path to holiness?
Love one another as I have loved you.
What is the New Commandment?
that God alone is the source of true happiness
What did St. Augustine discover about human happiness?
by actual grace
How does the Holy Spirit help us live holy lives?
because they identify the people and actions blessed by God: they describe the happiness of those people who kept their lives centered on God
How are the Beatitudes a connection between happiness and holiness?
through the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB)
Through what group does the Catholic Church reaffirm that all life is wonderful and a gift from God?
the image of a "seamless garment" to teach Catholics to respect life
What image did Cardinal Bernandin use to remind Catholics that we need to respect all life? What does it teach us?
When does human life begin?
the government's right to put a prisoner to death
a woman's right to kill her unborn baby
a sick person's right to have someone else put an end to their life
Who were the earliest followers of Jesus?
Who is considered a Gentile?
the jews and leaders of the Church felt that Gentiles must become jewish before becoming christian
How did St. Paul's mission to the Gentiles become contoversial?
fist council of the church
What was the Council of Jerusalem called?
that gentiles are allowed into christianity without becoming jewish first
What was decided at this council?
early church leaders chosen by the apostles to be their co-workers who governed the church with them
Who were the early presbyters?
it opened the door to the vast growth of the church in the years to come
Why was the council a turning point in the life of the Church?
the heritage of faithcontained in Sacred Scripture and Tradition
What is the "Deposit of Faith"?
the letters of St. Paul
What manuscripts are the earliest writings of the New Testament?
that fulfilling the responsibility and office of truthfully and authentically passing on the teaching of the Apostles was a constant struggle
What do these letters indicate about the early Church?
it is a vital matter of salvation
Why is the faithful handling of the Deposit of Faith a sacred trust and essential work of the Church?
by the the apologists teaching and explaining the faith of the Church
How did the Church fight the early heretics in the Church?
a false teaching
What is heresy?
that the bishops are the successors of the Apostles and have the responsibility and authority to teach and defend the true faith
What does "apostolic succession" mean?
Clement of Alexandria
Name some early apologists.
a gathering of all the bishops of the world that is usually called by the pope
What is an ecumenical council?
Nicaea I and Constantinople I reaffirmed and explained the teachings of the apostles
Name two of the early ecumenical councils and explain the work of each.
In what prayer do we summarize the key truths that we reaffirmed at these councils?
In what book did St. Justin write about the worship of the early Church?
almost identical to ours today
What was St. Justin's order of the Mass?
priests, bishops, and deacons
What three groups have been ordained since the time of the Apostles?
to know and love him and to share in his divine life
Why did God create people?
the "calling together" of humanity in Christ and the body of christ called together by the Holy Spirit; known as instrument of salvation
What is the Church?
after the arrest of Jesus they abandoned him
How do we know that the Apostles did not fully understand the meaning of Jesus's words?
it is the crowning truth of our faith and it's the biggest turning point
What is the good news of the Ressurection?
when Jesus sent the apostles to baptize and spread the Word
What is the Great Commission?
it was the beginning of our Church
What is the importance of the Great Commission?
it is the mission of the Church to invite all people to become disciples of Jesus; puts us back in Communion with God and opens the gates of heaven
Why is the Pascal Mystery considered to be the greatest of all turning points in human history?
the redemptive work of Jesus's passion, death, Resurrection, and Ascension
What is the Pascal Mystery?
the day the Holy Spirit came down onto the Apostles; by inspiring them to continue Jesus's work
What was Pentecost and how did it affect the Apostles?
builds up, inspires, gives courage, animates, guides, teaches to follow God's will, and energizes
What does the Holy Spirit do for the Church?
How many popes have been successors of St. Peter?
that if Jesus hadn't risen, our faith and preaching is empty
What did St. Paul teach about the Resurrection?
when our communion with God was destroyed by sin and restored by Jesus
What was the origin of the Church?
to go out and make disciples of all nations
What is the mission of the Church?
one-same mass, one pope, sacraments
catholic-universal, everyone is welcome
apostolic-based on teachings of Apostles
List the four marks of the Church and explain.
Name the 12 Apostles.
What creed do we recite that summarizes the most important beliefs of our faith?
"one who is sent" ; "messenger"
What does "Apostle" mean?
Abraham, Moses, and the prophets
What people are recorded in the OT as being called by God?
a literary form where God calls someone for a mission
What is a call narrative?
God takes initiative
person shows emotion
God gives mission and blessing
What are the elements of a call narrative?
the fact that this scene follows a miraculous catch of fish
How does the description of Peter's call by Jesus point out Jesus's divinity?
to "Feed my sheep"
What does Jesustell Peter at the Sea of Tiberius?
so Peter could redeem himself by a three-fold affirmation of love after his three-fold denial
Why did Jesus tell Peter three times if he loved him?
his martyrdom and he would be the sheperd and lead the Church
What did Jesus tell Peter would be his eventual destiny?
a ministry of love
What do theologians call St. Peter's ministry as shepherd of the whole Church?
St. Peter and his successors, the popes
What is the Petrine Ministry?
What is a letter that the pope writes to all of the faithful?
"Goods of the world are intended for all"
What did Pope John Paul tell his faithful in his encyclical On the Social Concerns of the Church?
God is Love
What was Pope Benedict's first encyclical?
live a life of love
What did Pope Benedict stress in his encyclical?
a ministry of service, faith, and self-sacrificial love for the whole flock
Describe the work of St. Peter and his successors.
Edict of Milan
document granting Christianity legal status in the empire and the freedom to gather and worship publicly
Fathers of the Church
bishops and other writers during the first eight centuries of the Church whose teachings were acknowledged as the authentic teaching of the Church
the office and authority of the pope
the growth of the Church in territory and in both political and spiritual authority resulting in the pope's authority exceeding that of the emporer and eventually that of the king in the west
a way of living the Gospel in which men and woman live in community and devote themselves to prayer, work, and learning
a person who spreads news, a messenger
What is a herald?
she is called by God to announce the Good News of salvation in Jesus
How is the Catholic Church a herald of the Gospel?
co-ruler of the Roman empire who declared Christianity allowed in the empire with the Edict of Milan
Who was Constantine and how did he affect the growth of the Church?
declared Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire and outlawed paganism
What were Emporer Theodosius contributions to Christianity?
by the Fathers of the Church and the councils of the Church
How were the new challengers of the Church faced as the Roman Empire declined?
the Greek Fathers of the Church and the Latin Fathers of the Church
How were the Fathers of the Church classified?
St. John Damascene-Greek
Name some Fathers of the Church.
On the Duties of the Clergy
In what treatise did St. Ambrose call the clergy to live a life of spiritual discipline?
listening to St. Ambrose's teachings
What influenced St. Augustine in his desire to be baptized?
the brilliance of his writings and energy he brought to the care of the faithful
What earned St. Augustine the title Doctor of the Church?
How many ecumenical councils have been called?
from the Council of Nicaea to the papacy of St. Gregory the Great
During what period did the papacy grow stronger?
Who was the first bishop of Rome to call himself Pope?
Basilica of St. Peter and St. John Lateran Basilica
What 2 important churches did Sylvester I build?
Leo the Great
What pope met with Attila the Hun persuading him not to attack Rome?
-first to call himself pope
-pope during Constantine's reign
-built 2 important churches
contributions of Sylvester I
-stopped attila the Hun
-first to use authority in civil matters
-defined role of pope
contributions of Pope Leo the Great
obedience, poverty, chastity
What three gospel counsels do members of a monastery live by?
St. Benedict of Nursia
Who is the founder of monasticism in the West?
The Rule of St. Benedict
What rule did St. Benedict write?
-founded monastery in West
-built over 300 monasteries (Monte Cassino)
-wrote Rule of St. Benedict
contibutions of St. Benedict
-Benedict's twin sister
-started own order of nuns that lived the Rule of Benedict
contributions of St. Scholastica
witnesses of Christ by suffering death; Latin word meaning "witness"
the belief in many gods
a religion other than Christianity or Judiasm whose values are contrary to Sacred Scripture
all except St. John
What apostles were martyrs?
a North African theologian of Carthage who described the vital role that martyrs played in the growth of the Church; he said "The blood of the martyrs was the seed of the Church."
Who was Tertullian and what did he write about the martyrs?
Jews were left alone by the Romans as long as they observed Roman rule, offered sacrifice to the gods, paid taxes, and didn't engage in rebellious activity
Describe relationship between Jews and Romans.
Christians started to refuse to offer sacrifice to the gods
What eventually led to the persecutions?
the bishop of Antioch who was martyred because he refused to worship the gods of Rome
-urged christians to live in love
-inspired others because of bravery
-first to use the word Christian
Who was Ignatius of Antioch?
he meant that he wanted to be a sacrifice for Christ
What did he mean when he described himself as God's wheat amd bread?
Trajan, Decius, Valerian, and Diocletian
Name 4 emporers who ordered the persecutions.
martyrs of the Church who refused to surrender their virginity and worship the gods, known for faithfulness to Christ, killed under Diocletian
Who was St.Agatha, Lucy, and Agnes? Under whose reign were they killed?
offering sacrifices to the Roman gods, immoral behavior, minimal value placed on human life, polytheism, no concern for the poor
What were some of the pagan values practiced during this period?
a martyr of the Church who refused to give up the gold of the Church of Rome to the Roman authorities, was killed under Valerian
Who was St. Lawrence? Under whose reign was he martyred ?
he said that the poor were the true treasures of the Church
What was St. Lawrence's attitude about the poor?
living our life in Christ, characteristic of a person who is in the right relationship with God
followers of God who live the way he wants you to live
Christian writers in the early Church who explained the faith and defended it against false teachers and teachings
the division in the Church between the churches ender the leadership of the patriarch of Constantinople and the Churches under the leadership of the Bishop of Rome
the Holy Spirit, third person of Trinity
aim was to bring the Holy Land under Christian control
having the strength to venture, perservere, and withstand danger, fear, or difficulty
adherence to a code of values; the quality or state of being complete or undivided
last book of the Bible
most famous work of St. Thomas Aquinas
the term used to mistakenly characterize the early Middle Ages as a time of decline of the many institutions of culture and learning
the followers of St. Francis, also known as Order of Friars Minor or Lesser brothers, leader is St. Bonaventure
the power to know God, ourselves, and others, the power to reflect on how God is a part of our lives
means "schoolmen", theologians who used philosophy to teach
the mystery of one God in three divine persons
Latin word means "to beg", dedicate themselves to living the Gospel ideal of poverty by begging for food and lodging
people who recieve the gift of an intense experience of union and communication with God
became a model for future ages, guided the lives of the monks in the monasteries
the ability to withstand hardship, adversity, or stress
the ability to bear trials or pain calmly or without complaint
guidelines on how to be truly happy
Duties of the Clergy
written by St. Ambrose, calls the members of the clergy to live lives of spiritual discipline
a book written by St. Augustine
"Feed my sheep"
Jesus said to Peter
"God's wheat and bread"
"Here are the true treasures of the Church"
St. Lawrence's quote
"The blood of the martyrs was the seed of the Church"
St. Thomas Aquinas
member of Order of Preachers, wrote Summa Theologica
archbishop of Milan, reminded the Emporer that he is not above the Church but within it, called for reform within the church, wrote On the Duties of the Clergy, Father of the Church
Leo the Great
stopped Attila the Hun from attacking Rome, first to use his autority in civil matters, defined role of pope
leader of the 12 apostles who was told by Jesus "Feed my sheep"
first to call himself pope, pope during Constantine's reign, bulit 2 important churches
lived according to Rule of St. Benedict, mystic, poet, composer, physician
friend of St. Thomas, wrote Journal of the Soul into God,leader of Franciscans
St. Francis of Assisi
started the Franciscans
St. james the Greater
objected to St. Paul's inclusion of Gentiles among the folowers of Jesus without their first becoming Jews
martyred under Diocletian, killed because didn't sacrifice her virginity
announced the Resurrection of Jesus
first martyr of the Church
apologist, wrote the First Apology, revealed that hte Order of the Mass today is very similar to the way it was celebrated in the second century
nicknamed "Golden Mouthed"
outlawed paganism in empire, ruled Christianity official religion of Rome, confirmed Edict of Milan
bishop of Hippo, Father of the Church, Doctor of the Church
Benedict of Nursia
founder of Monasticism in the West, wrote the Rule of St. Benedict, most famous of 300 monasteries built by him is Monte Cassino
265 successor of St. Peter
involved in the Church and world affairs, presided over the 4 Lateran Council and laid the grounds for 5 Crusade
name means "Charles the Great", most influential ruler of the West during Middle Ages, Holy Roman Empire
Catherine of Sienna
devoted life of prayer and holiness, had an influence on politics, convinced the Pope to reutrn to Rome, Doctor of the Church
founded Order of Preachers, today his followers are Dominicans
Bernard of Clairvaux
began the renewal of monasticism, carried the 12 century on his shoulders
mother of Constantine, found the cross of Jesus
the Apostle of the Gentile, a Pharisee who went under a miraculous transition and became a great leader of the Christians
traveled around Ireland preacing and establishing monasteries, him and his monks created a haven of culture and learning
she has a divine guide, the Holy Spirit
Why does the Church have a guarantee of development?
show the Church the way to announce the Gospel to all nations
What does the Holy Spirit call our heroes of faith to do?
a time of violence and a decline in institutions of culture and learning
What was the historical impact of the Dark Ages?
the papacy in the West became more closely linked to the Roman Empire
What was one reason for the widening of the gap between the East and West?
the development and renewal of monasticism
What helped to keep the lamp of light glowing during the Middle Ages?
by traveling about Ireland preaching and establishing monasteries
How did St. Columba and his monks create a haven of culture and learning?
remarkable intelligence, dazzling spiritual gifts-poet, physician, composer, and mystic
What were the gifts of St. Hildegard?
What were the followers of St. Francis and St. Dominic known as?
Order of Friars Minor or Lesser Brothers
What is another name for Franciscans?
Order of Preachers; Dominicans
What were St. Dominic's followers known as and what are they called today?
St. Thomas Aquinas and St. Bonaventure
Who are the 2 most important scholastics?
What work did St. Thomas write?
Jounal of the Soul into God
What did St. Bonaventure write?
it opened trade and exploration routes
What was a lasting effect of the Crusades?