Pair of Joint Stock companies established Jamestown 1607 (first permanent settlement).
Treaty of Paris 1763
French give up all territories east of Mississippi
Britain in great debt, Americans veteran soldiers
England's idea of how their giving representation to the colonies
Treaty of Amity and commerce
French offered trade concessions with colonies
Treaty of alliance
France and colonies agreed neither side could stop fight until both agreed to do so
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut (1639)
called for representative assembly and popular election of governor/judges.
decentralized; States had most power, Congress for unified
Land Ordinance of 1785
established land survey and ownership provisions
Person who proposed that the president would be elected by the people; pres. would be commander-in-chief
The Whiskey Rebellion (1794)
August 7-Washington mustered 13,000 under General Harry Lee as show of force.
First use of Militia Law of 1792; first test of power in new federal government.
Tariff of 1816
for internal improvement
11 Slave States and 11 free states
Missouri Applies for Statehood, Missouri admitted as slave state, Maine as free state.
All territory above 36 30 is free.
initially against tariffs/national bank; later promoted it/nationalism.
Land act of 1820
reduced minimum land purchase to 80 acres; minimum price from $2 to $1.25, and credit extended by National bank.
Adams-Onis Treaty (1819)
Florida ceded for $5 million; also backed off on Oregon (U.S. backed off on claims to Texas).
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Helped right declaration of rights saying all men and WOMEN created equal
Wrote letters to the Liberator, abolitionists.
was leading educational reformer; led fight for government support. Father of Education set up normal and public school systems (before schools where simply parochial (religious).
William Lloyd Garrison
author of the Liberator, ardent abolitionist, calling for immediate emancipation of slaves
Dred Scott Decision
• Supreme Court chief justice-Roger Taney-former slave owner, for states' rights.
o In Taney's opinion: blacks were not citizens, slaves were property, and Congress had no rights to deprive citizens of their property due to the Fifth Amendment.
o South then wanted to question constitutionality of 1807 law stopping slave trade.
Tenure of Office Act
prohibited President from dismissing Senate-appointed officials without prior consent (Johnson tried to dismiss War Secretary Edwin Stanton).
• Impeachment to be tried before Republican-controlled Senate, with Chief Justice Salmon Chase presiding; was blatant partisan attempt.