A named collection of data, used for organizing secondary memory.
The operating system's logical view of the files it manages.
A named group of files.
A file that contains characters.
A file that contains data in a specific format, requiring a special interpretation of its bits.
The specific kind of information contained in a file, such as a Java program or a Microsoft Word document.
Part of a file name that indicates the file type.
Sequential File Access
The technique in which data in a file is accessed in a linear fashion.
Direct File Access
The technique in which data in a file is accessed directly, by specifying logical record numbers.
A structure showing the nested directory organization of the file system.
The topmost directory, in which all others are contained.
The currently active subdirectory.
A text designation of the location of a file or subdirectory in a file system.
A path that begins at the root and includes all successive subdirectories.
A path that begins at the current working directory.
The act of deciding which outstanding requests for disk I/O to satisfy first.