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U.S. History

Telegraph

apparatus used to communicate at a distance over a wire (usually in Morse code)

Robert Fulton

American inventor who designed the first commercially successful steamboat and the first steam warship (1765-1815)

Samuel Morse

United States portrait painter who patented the telegraph and developed the Morse code (1791-1872)

John Deere

United States industrialist who manufactured plows suitable for working the prairie soil (1804-1886)

Cyrus McCormick

United States inventor and manufacturer of a mechanical harvester (1809-1884)

Trade Union

an organization of employees formed to bargain with the employer

Cotton Gin

a machine that separates the seeds from raw cotton fibers

Yeoman

in former times was free and cultivated his own land

Tenant Farmer

a farmer who works land owned by someone else

Nat Turner

United States slave and insurrectionist who in 1831 led a rebellion of slaves in Virginia

Industrial Revolution

A large-scale change, beginning in England in the mid-1700's, from making goods by hand to making them using machines such as the cotton loom, water frame, and interchangeable parts.

Lowell System

The Lowell system was based on water-powered textile mills that employed young, unmarried women from local farms. The system included a loom that could both spin thread and weave cloth at the same time

folktales

Enslaved parents kept their heritage alive by passing down family histories as well as African customs and traditions through stories.

spirituals

Emotional Christian songs sung by slaves which blended African and European music to express their religious beliefs

Nat Turner's Rebellion

In Virginia in 1831, Turner led about 70 slaves into a revolt against their masters. As a result, slave states strengthened slave codes and became more united in their support of fugitive slave laws.

interchangeable parts

identical parts made by machine instead of by hand used in tools and instruments (parts can be easily assembled and replaced)

mass production

Process of making large quantities of a product quickly and cheaply by machine

Mark Twain

author of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer; also known as Samuel Clemens

scientific agriculture

the use of scientific methods to improve farming.

Gibbons v. Ogden

A Supreme Court case dealing with the power of the federal government to regulate commerce. Chief Justice John Marshal ruled that federal law overruled state law.

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