a nomadic tribal people who live in the desert regions
a group of people and their camels that travel together in the desert (often for safety)
the pilgramage to Mecca made in life of a Muslim, one of the 5 pillars
the headscarf worn by some Muslim women
religious leader of prayer in a Mosque
the most sacred shrine in Islam, focal point for prayer in Islam
the most sacred place in Islam; location of the Ka'bah
the wall niche or alcove that is a facing Mecca inside a mosque
the stair or pulpit-like place from which the Imam leads prayer
the man that calls the worshippers to pray from a minaret tower
the tower from which a Muezzin calls worshippers to pray 5x/day
the building for worship for the Islamic faith
the prophet and God's messenger, founded the faith of Islam
the written word of God as shared with Muhammad
The 30 days that are reserved for fasting during the daylight hours
the ritual washing done by followers of Islam before entering the mosque
A series of holy wars from 1096-1270 AD undertaken by European Christians to free the Holy Land from Muslim rule.
Dome of the Rock
Mosque in Jerusalem where Muhammad ascended to heaven
the Semitic language of the Arabs
A city in the Holy Land, regarded as sacred by Christians, Muslims, and Jews.
A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.
Eid Al Fitr
marks the end of Ramadan and the fasting. Very festive time. Eid al- fitr means recurring happiness
a believer or follower of Islam
Muslim name for the one and only God
a fertile place in a desert where there is water and vegetation
belief in one God
the first of the great Biblical patriarchs, father of Isaac, and traditional founder of the ancient Hebrew nation: considered by Muslims an ancestor of the Arab peoples through his son Ishmael.
son of Abraham and Hagar
Well where Hagar found water for Ishmael after her desperate search
the religion practiced by Muslims; Islam means "submission to the will of God."
City in western Arabia to which the Prophet Muhammad and his followers emigrated in 622 to escape persecution in Mecca.
Hijrah; When Muhammad goes with his followers to Yathrib (Medina). Muhammad converts all these people to Islam, making it the official religion of their city; start of Muslim calendar
book of stories about the words or deeds of the Prophet Muhammad; next to the Quran, lessons to help lead daily life
Declaration of faith, one of the Five Pillars
One of the five pillars of Islam: praying 5 times a day (early morning, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, evening)
the fourth pillar of Islam is almsgiving as an act of worship
One of the five pillars of Islam: fasting during month of Ramadan (only daylight hours)
beliefs that all Muslims needed to carry out: Faith, Prayer, Alms, Fasting, and Pilgrimage
successor to Muhammad as political and religious leader of the Muslims
one of the two main branches of orthodox Islam, largest group
a muslim group that accepts only the descendants of muhammad's son-in-law ali as the true rulers of islam
two white cotton cloths worn by male Muslims on their pilgrimage to Mecca. Symbolic of the state of purity that all pilgrims assume while on the Hajj.