Ancient Greece, 6th grade

31 terms by lmuggechs

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Sparta

had the goal of a strong army; used the battle cry "Return with your shield or on it!"; women received physical training so they would produce strong, healthy babies

oligarchy

means "rule by the few"; form of government that Athens and Sparta had in common

tyrants

strong leaders who came to power and ruled in Athens

Pericles

a great orator who wanted to rebuild Athens after the Persian Wars

myth

Greek stories about gods and heros; sometimes used to explain things in nature

Greek gods

were human-like; immoral, jealous, vengeful, selfish

ancient Greek women

not allowed to vote or participate in government meetings

Athens

a city state that used an early form of democracy where male citizens attended meetings of the Assembly

Salamis Bay

important battle where the Greeks fought the Persians

Aristotle

Greek philosopher who was the first to use the scientific method; tutored Alexander the Great

The Muses

the goddesses of the arts

Homer

Greek poet who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey

optical illusion

when an object appears to take a shape it doesn't really have

music

art form that the Greeks considered the greatest

pedagogues

servants who accompanied wealthy boys to school in ancient Greece

philosopher

means lover of wisdom

Xerxes

led the Persian troops against Greece

Parthenon

temple on top of the Acropolis; in the Middle Ages it was used as a Christian church

stylus

used by Greeks to write on a wax coated tablet

Socrates

Greek philosopher who taught his students by using questions

agora

Greek marketplace that had open-air buildings called porches

Herodotus

"Father of History"

Hippocrates

wrote an oath that is taken by many doctors

Acropolis

hill overlooking Athens that was the center of religious life

Olympics

ancient Greek festival of athletic games

Peloponnesus

the southern portion of the Greek peninsula

Peloponnesian War

A war, lasting from 431 to 404 B.C., in which Athens and its allies were defeated by Sparta and its allies

Mt. Olympus

Mythical home of the highest Greek gods and goddesses

The Academy

the school Plato started

comedy and tragedy

the most common types of Greek drama

Greek language

the most important contribution the Greek culture gave to the Western world

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