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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Catherwood
  2. James Adovasio
  3. Francisco Pizarro
  4. Lord Pacal
  5. Karl Mauch
  1. a excavated Meadowcroft Rock Shelter
  2. b sailed to New World 3 times; rmors of "mountains of gold" to south (Cortes); 26 July 1529: Queen of Spain gave permission "to discover and conquer Peru"; 1532: Pizarro returned to Peru; Atahuallpa consumed with war
  3. c Mayan ruler who came to power in AD 615 in Palenque; his sarcophagus was discovered by Alberto Ruz Lhuiller
  4. d authors of Incidents of Travel in Yucatan in 1841
  5. e 1871; German explorer in search of the remains of a lost white civilization, denied that local people could have built remains, used presence of cedar to argue for northern connection (Phoenicians, Queen of Sheeba)

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. 1552, Portuguese Explorer documented magnificent walls with no mortar; made parallels with Axuma, Ethiopia, municipal city of the Queen of Sheeba
  2. Discovered Jenné-jeno; 1977, 1981, and 1994
  3. Aztec Emperor; greets and entertains Cortes; 1519
  4. 1890; Mashonaland occupied by Cecil Rhodes (Rhodesia) for gold prospecting; site became symbol justifying glories of colonization
  5. Aztec sun god

5 True/False Questions

  1. Quipucapital of Inca Empire; built by Sapa Inca Pachacuti (He who makes the world)(1438-1471 AD); transformed city and empire, sacred center, puma shaped city; divided into 4 quarters


  2. Coyolxauhqui"She of the rattles of her cheeks" moon goddess (Huitzilopochtli's sister); plotted with 2 brothers to kill mother; Huitzilopochtli saves the day


  3. Alberto Ruz Lhuillerdiscovered the sarcophagus of Lord Pacal (a Mayan ruler)


  4. Gertrude Caton-Thompson1929; trained Kathleen Kenyon; found unlooted sites nearby and through stratigraphic and stylistic comparisons confirmed local orgin; Semitic origin "inconceivable"


  5. Inca EmpireRuler: living son of Inti, link with god upon death


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