5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Theodore Bent
- Sapa Inca Pachacuti
- Susan and Roderick McIntosh
- a Discovered Jenné-jeno; 1977, 1981, and 1994
- b Aztec sun god
- c Inca; "people of the 4 directions"
- d 1891; had studied Phoenicians but no formal training in archaeology; concluded that builders came from Arabian peninsula (Phoenician/Egyptian); Cecil Rhodes purchased many finds taken from the site
- e built Cuzco (capital city of Incan Empire) in 1438-1471 AD; name means He who makes the world; transformed city and empire; built Machu Picchu
5 Multiple choice questions
- Inca; walls near cuzco; fortress? head of puma?
- Inca; son of sun god
- 1871; German explorer in search of the remains of a lost white civilization, denied that local people could have built remains, used presence of cedar to argue for northern connection (Phoenicians, Queen of Sheeba)
- 1929; trained Kathleen Kenyon; found unlooted sites nearby and through stratigraphic and stylistic comparisons confirmed local orgin; Semitic origin "inconceivable"
- Inca; home of virgin weavers; cotton, aplaca, llama; textiles important tax item (women: fabric, men: rope)
5 True/False questions
Occam's Razor → 1871; German explorer in search of the remains of a lost white civilization, denied that local people could have built remains, used presence of cedar to argue for northern connection (Phoenicians, Queen of Sheeba)
Quetalcoatl → Aztec war god
Cuzco → capital of Inca Empire; built by Sapa Inca Pachacuti (He who makes the world)(1438-1471 AD); transformed city and empire, sacred center, puma shaped city; divided into 4 quarters
Hernando Cortes → 1890; Mashonaland occupied by Cecil Rhodes (Rhodesia) for gold prospecting; site became symbol justifying glories of colonization
Francisco Pizarro → Inca; Urubamba Valley; Quechua: "Old Mountain"; built by Pachacuti; ca. 1440-1532; chosen for geological features; 7,710 ft. Discoveries :
1908: rediscovered by Hiram Bingham, Yale Peruvian Expedition 1911, 1912-1915: sponsored by National Geographic, 1983: UNESCO World Heritage site