Vocab Workshop Semester 1 Final Exams

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158 terms

Admonish

To caution against something; to scold

Breach

An opening, gap, breakthrough

Brigand

A bandit/robber

Circumspect

Careful

Commandeer

To seize for military use

Cumbersome

Clumsy; slow-moving

Deadlock:

A standstill resulting from the opposition of 2 equal forces (standoff)

Debris

Scattered fragments; wreckage

Diffuse

To scatter freely; wordy or unfocused; widely spread

Dilemma

A difficult situation

Efface

To wipe out; keep from being noticed

Muddle

To make a mess of

Opinionated

Stubborn and unreasonable in ones own ideas; a closed mind

Perennial

Lasting a long time; plant that lives for many years

Predispose

To incline beforehand

Relinquish

Give up

Salvage

Save from fire/shipwreck

Spasmodic

Sudden and violent but brief; fitful

Spurious

not true

Unbridled

Uncontrolled

Adjourn

to stop proceedings temporarily; move to another place

Alien

citizen of another country; foreign/strange

Comely

having pleasing appearance

Compensate

to make up for; to repay for services

Dissolute

loose in one's morals or behavior

Erratic

not regular; different from what's ordinary; undependable

Expulsion

process of driving/forcing out

Feint

deliberately deceptive movement; a pretense; to make a deceptive movement

Fodder

food for horses/ cattle; raw material

Fortify

to strengthen

Illegible

difficult to read

Jeer

to make fun of rudely; a rude remark

Lucrative

bringing in money; profitable

Mediocre

average

Proliferate

to reproduce/increase

Subjugate

to conquer by force

Sully

to soil/tarnish/stain

Tantalize

to torment by teasing

Terse

brief and to the point

Unflinching

showing no signs of fear

Abridge

to make shorter

Adherent

a follower; sticking to

Altercation

an angry argument

Cherubic

an angel portrayed as a child with a chubby face; innocent

Dissent

to disagree

Eminent

famous, outstanding

Exorcise

to dispose of something, menacing

Fabricate

to make, manufacture

Irate

angry

marauder

a raider

Obesity

excessive fatness

Pauper

an extremely poor person

Pilfer

steal in small quantities

Rift

a break

Semblance

an outward appearance

surmount

to overcome

terminate

to end

Trite

overused

Usurp

to hold a position by force

abscond

to run and hide

access

approach to places/persons/things; obtain

anarchy

lack of gov.

arduous

hard to do

auspicious

favorable

biased

favoring 1 side; prejudiced

daunt

intimidate; discourage

disentangle

to free form complications

fated

determined by fortune

hoodwink

mislead by a trick

inanimate

w/o energy

incinerate

to burn to ashes

intrepid

very brave

larceny

theft

pliant

easily influenced

pompous

overly self important

precipice

steep cliff; edge of disaster

rectify

to correct

reprieve

a temp. delay

revile

to attack w/ words

Accomplice

a person who takes part in a crime

Annihilate

to destroy completely

Arbitrary

unreasonable; based on wishes w/o regards to fairness

Brazen

shameless;made of brass

Catalyst

something that causes/ speeds up a chem. reaction

Exodus

large-scale departure/ flight

Facilitate

to make easier;
to assist

Incorrigible

unable to be corrected; beyond control

Latent

hidden

Militant

given to fighting; aggressive in support of a cause

Morose

having a gloomy manner; not friendly/ sociable

Opaque

not letting light through; not clear; dense/ stupid

Paramount

chief in importance; above all others

Prattle

to talk in an aimless way; to babble

Rebut

to offer arguments/ evidence that contradicts something;
to refute

Reprimand

to scold

Servitude

slavery, forced labor

Slapdash

careless and hasty

Stagnant

not flowing; foul from standing still; inactive

Succumb

to give way to superior force, yield

atone

to make up for

bondage

slavery; state of being held down

credible

believable

defray

to pay for

diligent

hardworking; not lazy

doleful

sad; dreary

ghastly

frightful; deathly pale

hamper

to hold back

hew

shape/cut down with an ax; to hold to

impoverished

poor; depleted

incessant

never stopping; going all the time

intricate

complicated

lucid

easy to understand, clear; rational

posthumous

occurring/published after death

prim

precise, proper, overly neat

sardonic

bitterly sarcastic

superfluous

exceeding what is sufficient/required, excess

supplant

to take the place of

taunt

to jeer/mock an insulting remark

tenacious

holding fast; persistent; holding family together

Adieu

"farewell"

Apex

the highest point, the tip

Assimilate

to absorb fully; to adopt as ones own

Bogus

false, counterfeit

Exorbitant

unreasonably high; excessive

Interim

the time between; temporary

Inundate

to overflow; to overwhelm

Malign

to speak evil of, slander; evil

Meander

to wander about; a sharp turn

Metropolis

a large city; the chief city

Momentous

very important

Obstreperous

noisy; unruly

Pensive

thoughtful; melancholy

Perilous

dangerous

Shoddy

of poor quality

Sprightly

lively; spicy, flavorful

Surly

bad tempered; rude

Tirade

a long, angry speech

Vagrant

tramp; wandering aimlessly

Assurance

a pledge

Asylum

a place of safety

Console

to comfort; a control panel

Dilate

to make larger; to expand upon

Dross

refuse, waste products

Dwindle

to lessen, diminish

Flippant

lacking in seriousness; disrespect

Immunity

resistance to disease; freedom from charge

Institute

to establish; organization for the promotion of learning

Liability

a dept

Preposterous

ridiculous

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