5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- parts of an evacuated tube system
- smallest formed element
- a Thrombocytes/Platelets
- b can be increased by antibiotics, aspirin, cimetidine; prothombin time in INR range. Can decrease with barbiturates, oral contraceptives, HRT, vitamin K, foods high in vitamin K/potassium
- c evacuated tube, rubber stopper, tube holder, multisample needle
- d Upper Right Quadrant;
ULQ, LRQ, LLQ = Upper left quadrant, lower right quadrant, lower left quadrant
- e mixed color, hyper, normo and hypochromic in one sample
5 Multiple choice questions
- carries sensory impulses for hearing and equilibrium from inner ear (Formerly called auditory or acoustic nerve)
- abnormally high blood sugar usually associated with diabetes
- most common cancer for men between 15 and 35; all young men over 15 should practice monthly self exams; check for swelling, tenderness, or lumps
A simple 3-minute self-examination once a month can detect one of the cancers most common among men aged 15 to 34. If detected early, testicular cancer is one of the most easily cured.
The best time to check yourself is in the shower or after a warm bath. Fingers glide over soapy skin making it easier to concentrate on the texture underneath. The heat causes the skin to relax making the exam easier.
1. Start by examining your testicles. Slowly roll the testicle between the thumb and fingers, applying slight pressure. Try to find hard, painless lumps.
2. Now examine your epididymis. This comma-shaped cord is behind each testicle. It may be tender to the touch. It's also the location of the most noncancerous problems.
3. Continue by examining the vas (sperm-carrying tube that runs up from your epididymis). The vas normally feels like a firm, movable smooth tube.
Now repeat the exam on the other side.
In the early stages testicular cancer may be symptomless.
When symptoms do occur they include:
lump on the testicle;
slight enlargement of one of the testicles;
heavy sensation in the testicles or groin;
dull ache in the lower abdomen or groin.
If you find any hard lumps or nodules, see your doctor promptly. Only your doctor can make a diagnosis.
This self-exam is not a substitute for periodic examinations by a qualified physician.
- measure glucose control over last 3 months; diabetes patients would be tested, does not substitute for regularly measuring daily levels, can be run from fingerstick sample, measures glycohemoglobin, fructosamine, glycosylated proteins
- hemoglobin is normally one third of the amount of the hematocrit 3 to 1, 3:1 HcT to HgB ex: HcT 45, expect HgB 15 or vice versa 1 to 3, 1:3 HgB to HcT ex: HgB 12, expect HcT 36
5 True/False questions
what causes hemolysis? → a condition caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) or cytomegalovirus (CMV) characterized by an increase in mononuclear cells (monocytes and lymphocytes) in the blood, along with enlarged lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy), fatigue, and sore throat (pharyngitis) Usually 15-19 year olds, (Treatment: rest, nutrition, avoid contact sports, alcohol, antibiotics don't help virus)
nutritional anemia may show normal _______________ but low HgB → hematocrit
OD → the right eye, Oculus Dexter
Anemia Panel → nitrogenous waste from muscle metabolism excreted in urine
O blood type → universal donor; no antigens present, no reaction when typing to either A or B solutions.