medical terminology - terms integumentary system/dermatology

59 terms by LeahCLEP

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medical terminology - terms itnegumentary system/dermatology

adipose

fatty,fat

alopecia

loss of hair

cicatrix (can't fix my cicatrix)

scar

cytomegalovirus

a herpes virus that usually only causes disease when the immune system is compromised (CMV)

diaphoresis

profuse sweating (through-bearing)

ecchymosis

bruise

erythema

redness

induration

abnormal hard spots

xanthoderma

jaundice (yellow-skin)

keloid

overgrowth of scar tissue

leukoplakia

condition characterized by white spots or patches on mucous membrane, which may be precancerous

white-plakia

macule (ma-cute faced kid)

flat colored spot on the skin. freckle.

nevus (a suspicious nevus must leave us)

mole

birth mark

congenital nevus

papule

pimple

petechia

a pinpoint skin hemorrhage

decubitus ulcer (don't let decubitus get ubiquitous on the bedridden!)

bed sore, pressure ulcer

pruritis (pruritis is pure torturous)

severe itching

purpura (purpura makes purple people)

disorder characterized by hemorrhages into the tissue, giving skin a purple-red discoloration

pustule

elevation of skin containing pus

wheal (allergy to wheat might make a wheal)

an individual round itchy elevation of the skin. example - hive

verruca (viral verruca)

circumscribed cutaneous elevation of the skin caused by a virus. wart

vesicle (I am a veteran of vesicles!)

blister

urticaria (yer to care-ia when you have urticaria)

transitory itchy elevation of the skin with a white center and a red surrounding area. individual one is called a wheal

incision and drainage

I & D stands for.....

Mohs surgery (takes off just a little moh.....then a little moh....then a little moh.....:)

technique of microscopically controlled serial excisions of skin cancers

basal cell carcinoma

BCC - an epithelial tumor arising from the epidermis. It seldom metastasizes but invades local tissue. common in individuals who have had excessive sun exposure.

lesion

changes in tissue resulting from injury or disease

basal cell carcinoma

BCC

decubitus ulcer

"decub" is short for

intradermal

ID - meaning within the skin

systemic lupus erythematosis

SLE - an auto immmune disease

transdermal

TD - meaning through the skin

actinic keratosis

a precancerous skin condition of horny tissue formation that results from excessive exposure to sunlight. It may evolve into a squamous cell carcinoma.
origin: ultraviolet (UV) rays- horny tissue- condition of)

dermatoconiosis

abnormal condition of the skin caused by dust

hidradenitis

inflammation of a sweat gland

leiodermia

condition of smooth skin

onychomalacia

softening of nails

onychocryptosis

abnormal condition of a hidden nail. ingrown toenail

onychomycosis

abnormal condition of fungus in the nail

onychophagia

eating the nails. nail biting

pachyderma (pachyderms have pachy derma)

thickening of skin

paronychia

diseased state around the nail

seborrhea

discharge of sebum (excessive)

trichomycosis

abnormal condition of funcus in the hair

xeroderma

dry skin

carbuncle / furuncle (cluster f***)

skin infection composed of a cluster of boils caused by staphylococcal bacteria

painful skin node caused by staphylococcal bacteria in a hair follicle (boil)

empetigo

superfical skin infection characterized by pustules and caused by either staph or strept

kaposi carcinoma

a cancerous condition starting as purple or brown papules on the lower extremities that spreads through the skin to the lymph nodes and internal organs. frequently seen with AIDS

scleroderma

a disease characterized by chronic hardening (induration) of the connective tissue of the skin and other body organs. hardening of the skin.

squamous cel carcinoma (SqCCA)

a malignant growth that develops from scale like epithelial tissue. unlike BCC there is significant potential for metastasis

tinea

ringworm

dermatome

instrument used to cut the skin in thin slices for skin grafts

onychectomy

excision of a nail

rhytidectomy

excision of wrinkles (facelift)

rhytidoplasty

surgical repair of wrinkles

percutaneous

pertaining to through the skin

ungual

pertaining to the nail

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