Anatomy Fill in's Part 4

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hydroxyapatite

In bone, the calcium phosphate forms crystals of_______

osteoclasts

Cells that are found in the exposed matrix area of the endosteum are the ________

diaphysis

The shaft of long bones is called the _________

epiphysis

The head of a long bone is called the ________

osteoid

The ______ is the organic component of the bone matrix.

perforating canals

Blood is distributed from the surface of a bone to deeper central canals by means of ________

epiphyseal plate

The region of a long bone where the epiphysis meets the diaphysis is known as the _________

articular cartilage

________ prevents damaging bone-to-bone contact within movable joints.

endochondral ossification

During the process of ______, an existing tissue is replaced by bone.

calcification

The process of depositing calcium into tissue is called _________

compression fracture

Damage to a bone because of extreme load, sudden impact, or stresses applied from an unusual direction is called a(n) _____

osteomalacia

In _____ the size of the skeletal elements remains the same, but their mineral content decreases or even though the osteoblasts are working hard to form bone.

surface features

Any projection or bump on a bone is termed a(n) _______

ramus

A(n) _______ is a bony extension that makes an angle to the rest of the bone.

head

The expanded articular end of an epiphysis that is separated from the shaft by a narrower neck is termed a(n) ________

trochlea

A smooth, grooved articular process shaped like apulley is termed a(n) _______

canal

A(n) _____ is a rounded passageway for passage of blood vessels and / or nerves.

206

The adult skeleton contains _____ major bones.

bones

_______ are remarkably stronger than steel.

osteogenesis

The process of producing new bone matrix is called _________.

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