Office of Tenure Act
President can't remove anyone from office that Congress appointed. Cabinet officers should serve during the term of the president that appointed them.
a formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office
Iron clad oath
Required every white male to say they had never borne arms against the Confederacy or supported the Confederacy. It wsa a key factor in removing ex-confederates from politics during reconstruction
Wade Davis Bill
an 1864 plan for Reconstruction that denied the right to vote or hold office for anyone who had fought for the Confederacy...Lincoln refused to sign this bill thinking it was too harsh.
the practice of offering something (usually money) in order to gain an illicit advantage (bribes)
person who makes a living singing songs that tell about historic or legendary events
well organized political organization that controls election results by awarding jobs and other favors in exchange for votes
ballots used by the people to vote for someone in an election
the condition of being a person without a regular home or employment who wanders from place to place and may be a public nuisance
Sic Semper Tyrannus
thus always unto tyrants --> John Wilkes Booth
(Klu Klux Klan) greek word meaning circle
election of 1876
Race for the presidency between Republican Rutherford B Hayes and Democrat Samuel J Tilden. The decision of the winner came down to congress but no one knew which house should vote because the Senate was Republican and the House of Reps was Democratic. Hayes won.
compromise of 1877
Ended Reconstruction. Compromise with Hayes.
1.) last federal troops had to leave the South.
2.) at least one Southerner would get a cabinet post
3.) Hayes would give conservative Southern Democrats control of part of the local patronage.
4.) He would support generous spending for internal improvements in the South.
Panic of 1873
Four year economic depression caused by overspeculation on railroads and western lands, and worsened by Grant's poor fiscal response (refusing to coin silver
The system of racial segregation in the South that was created in the late nineteenth century following the end of slavery. Mandated segregation in public facilities.
was convicted of taking part in the conspiracy to assassinate Abraham Lincoln. Sentenced to death, she was the first woman executed by the United States federal government, and was hanged. She was the mother of John Surratt, also alleged to have been involved in the conspiracy. She owned the boarding house where Booth and fellow conspirators planned the scheme.
The secretary of war(defense sec.) during Johnson's term; the leader of the extreme radical republicans
William Marcy Tweed
nicknamed "boss" he was a major political boss in the late1800s. From New York, he gained power in Tammany Hall through the appointment and election of his friends. This was called the Tweed Ring. In his years in politics he managed to steal almost 200 million dollars in NY taxpayer money and control almost all democratic state and city nominations from 1860-1870.
A Southerner form Tennessee, as V.P. when Lincoln was killed, he became president. He opposed radical Republicans who passed Reconstruction Acts over his veto. The first U.S. president to be impeached, he survived the Senate removal by only one vote. He was a very weak president.
Radical Republican leader. Leader of RR in Senate from Massachusetts. Had been beaten before the war by Brooks in chamber. Fought against slavery and white Southerners .
Editor of the New York Tribune; presidential nominee for the Liberal Republicans and the Democrats for the 1872 election; lost to Grant and died a few weeks after his defeat.
Ulysses S. Grant
an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.
Leading cavalry leader of the Confederates; established the KKK
a light skinned black man who was riding on a train and was removed from the train because he was 1/8 black
Newspaper cartoonist who produced satirical cartoons, he invented "Uncle Sam" and came up with the elephant and the donkey for the political parties. He nearly brought down Boss Tweed.
16th President of the United States saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)
Samuel J. Tilden
The lawyer who brought down the Tweed Ring
leader of the radical republicans in the reconstruction effort was against Andrew Johnston
A former governor of New York who ran for president (Democrat) against Republican Ulysses S. Grant in the election of 1868.
John Wilkes Booth
was an American stage actor who, as part of a conspiracy plot, assassinated Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. on April 14, 1865. (from MD)
abolishes slavery in the U.S.
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude
Abraham Lincoln, Years: 1861-1865
Andrew Johnson, Years: 1865-1869
Ulysses Grant, Years: 1869-1877
Rutherford Hayes, Years: 1877-1881
Rutherford B. Hayes
19th president of the united states, was famous for being part of the Hayes-Tilden election in which electoral votes were contested in 4 states, most corrupt election in US history
Northerners who went to the South during Reconstruction. They carried their belongings in carpetbags, and most intended to settle in the South and make money there. Part of the radical government, they passed much needed reforms.
white Southerner supporting Reconstruction policies after the Civil War usually for self-interest
a construction company formed in 1864 by owners of the Union Pacific Railroad, who used it to fraudulently skim off railroad profits for themselves
most notorious political machine; NY city; Marcy Tweed also know as Boss Tweed became head in 1863
working on the farm for absolute minimum pay (similar to slavery) and paying debt in a share of the crop they produce.
Organization run by the army to care for and protect southern Blacks after the Civil War