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These are advanced terms which would be wonderful for everyone to know. They are the icing on the cake of your analysis (sweet, but not necessary in order to have good cake). Enjoy!

apostrophe

the direct address to a deceased or absent person as if he or she were present, to an animal or thing, or an artistic idea or quality

malapropism

an unconscious error in speech or writing on a part of a character which is deliberate on the part of the author; result from substituting one word for another with a similar sound but entirely different meaning

apposition

pairs of complementary ideas

antithesis

pairs of contrasting ideas

litotes

esp. important in satire; a figure of speech consisting of an understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by negating its opposite

ellipsis

omission (done deliberately, for effect)

asyndeton

omission of conjunctions in a series

polysyndeton

use of multiple conjunctions in a series

anaphora

repetition of word(s) at the beginning of several successive verses, clauses, or paragraphs

epistrophe

repetition of the same word(s) at the end of successive clauses

epanalepsis

use of the same word at the start and the end of a clause

anadiplosis

use of the last word on one clause for the start of the next clause

antimetabole

repetition of words in successive clauses, in reverse grammatical order

chiasmus

reversal of grammatical structures in successive phrases or clauses

polyptoton

repetition of words from the same root in different forms, cases, numbers, genders, etc.

caesura

a midline pause in a line of verse

epizeuxis

immediately repeating a word to give it greater impact

parison

repeating an entire sentence or clause almost exactly

ploce

repeating words in a line or clause

atanaclasis

punning on a repeated word to obtain different meanings

bombast

boastful or ranting language (adj. form: bombastic)

fricative

consonant made by the friction of breath in a narrow opening, producing a turbulent airflow (f, th)

plosive

consonant produced by stopping the airflow using lips, teeth, or palate, followed by a sudden release of air (voiceless--t, k, p; voiced--d, g, b

parataxis

placing of phrases/clauses, one after another, without words to indicate coordination or subordination

hypotaxis

the subordination of one clause to another

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