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poco

little

senza

without

molto

much

mosso

motion

troppo

too much

divisi

divide

sempre

always

arco

with bow

pizzicato

pluck

subito

suddenly

soli

section

animato

with spirit

morendo

die away

tenuto

stretch

dolce

sweetly

simile

same

legato

smooth

moto

motion, speed

accelerando

speed up

stringendo

getting faster

ritardando

slow down

rallentando

slowing

allargando

slowing

a tempo

return to first tempo

sostenuto

sustained

dynamics

volume of sound

espressivo

expressive

da capo

to the beginning

dal segno

from the sign

vibrato

wavering the tone by shaking wrist or finger

coda

separate section to end a piece

rhythm

measured movement of sound

detaché

alternating up and down bows

marcato

with emphasis

stacatto

detached, separated

spiccato

bow bounced off string

martelé

sharp decided stroke

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