§upa - Jeopardy Terms - 10 - The Rise and Spread of Islam

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A list of Jeopardy terms relating to the rise and spread of Islam.

Arabia

Peninsula on which the early Arabs lived

Desert

Climate of the early Arabs' homeland

Mecca

Birthplace of Muhammad

Moors

Christians' term for the Muslim people who conquered Spain

Herding

Major occupation of Arabian nomads

Bedouins

Nomads of Arabia

Medina

City to which Muhammad fled and established his leadership

Mecca

City captured by Muhammad that became the center of Islam

Red Sea

Body of water on the west coast of Arabia

Africa

Continent whose northern border was conquered by the Arabs

Spain

Western European country that became part of the Arab Empire

Persian Empire

Empire to the east of Arabia taken over by the Arabs

Byzantine Empire

Empire to the north of the Arab Empire extending from Asia Minor into Europe

Palestine, Syria

Near Eastern countries to the north of Arabia taken over by the Arab Empire

Egypt

African country to the west of Arabia that became part of the Arab Empire

Tigris

River on which Baghdad was built

Khadijah

Wealthy businesswoman who married Muhammad

Yathrib

Original name of the city of Medina

Damascus

New capital of the Umayyad caliphs, in Syria

Baghdad

New capital built by the Abbasid caliphs

Cordoba, Toledo

Spanish cities that were centers of learning under the Arabs

Muhammad

Founder of the Arab Empire

Generously, Tolerantly

How the Arabs treated people they conquered

Arabic

Official language of the Arab Empire

Caliph

Term for a successor of Muhammad

Golden Age of Islam

The first 100 years in power of the Abbasids, 750-850

Camel Driver (Caravan Trader)

Muhammad's early profession

Election

Method of choosing the first caliphs

Heredity

How the title of caliph was passed on after the early caliphs

Taxes

Source of income for the Arab Empire

Battle of Tours

Battle in which the Arabs were turned back from their invasion of Europe (~_732_~)

Fatimah

Muhammad's daughter

Abu Bakr

Muhammad's loyal friend, follower, and first successor

Ali

Muhammad's son-in-law, the last of the Rightly Guided Caliphs

Hijrah

Muhammad's flight from Mecca to Medina in 622

Umayyad

Dynasty that ruled as hereditary caliphs for 90 years

Shi'ites

Group of Muslims who favored caliphs chosen only from Muhammad's own family

Sunnis

Group of Muslims who favored electing any eligible, pious Muslim as caliph

Abbasids

Group that defeated the Umayyads to rule the empire

Caliphates

Term for the three parts of the later empire

Shari'a

Muslim body of law, incorporating religious, criminal, and civil matters

Algebra

Type of mathematics invented by Muslim scholars

Arabic Numerals

Type of numbers introduced to Europeans by Arab mathematicians

Medicine

Health-care field in which Arabs excelled

Living Creatures

Things that could not be pictured by Islamic artists

Calligraphy

Artistic use of flowing Arabic script

Alchemists

Muslim scientists who tried to turn tin and lead into silver and gold

Astronomers

Muslim scientists who gave many stars their names

Geographers

Muslim scientists who determined the earth might be round

Arabian Nights ( Thousand and One Nights )

Popular collection of Persian tales

Spain

European country that became a point of contact for Europeans and Muslim culture

Crusades

Events that brought Europeans into contact with Muslim culture

Minarets

Slender towers built next to mosques

Astrolabe

Navigation instrument perfected by Muslim scientists

Canon on Medicine

Arab encyclopedia of medicine used in European medical schools for 500 years

Omar Khayyam

Famed Persian scholar, astronomer, and poet, author of the Rubaiyat

( Mohammad ) al-Razi ( Avicenna )

Great physician and author of collection of medical knowledge

Steel Swords

Weapons from Damascus that became world famous

Dome of the Rock

Revered Muslim shrine in Jerusalem built in the 600s using Byzantine domes and arches

House of Wisdom

Library, academy, and translation center in Baghdad, a center for scholars

Allah

The one God of Islam

Qu'ran ( Koran )

Muslim book of scriptures, the sacred word of God as revealed to Muhammad

Masjid ( Mosque )

Muslim house of worship

Prophet

Muhammad's status

Pork

Food forbidden to Muslims

Liquor

Beverage forbidden to Muslims

(Five) 5

Number of times per day Muslims must pray

Facing Mecca

Position in which Muslims must pray

Almsgiving

Muslims must do this for the needy.

Fast

What Muslims must do during the daylight hours of the holy month

Mullah

Men learned in Islamic faith and law; A male religious teacher or leader

Jews, Christians

Muhammad believed Allah was the same god that these two religious groups worshipped.

Hajj

Pilgrimage to Mecca

Angel Gabriel

Heavenly creature whose voice spoke to Muhammad

Ka'ba

Holy shrine of Mecca that contains a sacred cubelike black structure

"Submission to God"

What the word Islam means

"There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is his messenger" (prophet)

Islamic creed that Muslims must recite

Imam

Muslim prayer leader

Ramadan

Muslim holy month

"One who submits"

Meaning of the word Muslim

Hijrah

Event that marks the first year of the Muslim calendar

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