history chapter 11

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history chapters 11 and 12' MEINES

fort sumter

Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War

anaconda plan

Union war plan by Winfield Scott, called for blockade of southern coast, capture of Richmond, capture Mississippi R, and to take an army through heart of south

stonewall jackson

general in the Confederate Army during the Civil War whose troops at the first Battle of Bull Run stood like a stone wall (1824-1863)

George McClellan

union general, 1st commander, overly cautious, fired by Lincoln

Ulysses S. Grant

an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.

Battle of Bull Run

either of two battles during the American Civil War (1861 and 1862)

Shiloh

This was battle fought by Grant in an attempt to capture the railroad of the South. The battle was fought in the west prevented the north from obtaining an easy victory. However, the Confederates strong resistance showed that they would not go quietly and the war was far from over.

David G. Farragut

a union admiral remembered for running a blockade of torpedoes while taking mobile

Robert E. Lee

Confederate general who had opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together by force

Antietam

the first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Northern soil. It was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history, with almost 23,000 casualties. After this "win" for the North, Lincoln announced the Emancipation Proclamation

Emancipation Proclamation

Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free

habeas corpus

a writ ordering a prisoner to be brought before a judge

Copperheads

a group of northern Democrats who opposed abolition and sympathized with the South during the Civil War

conscription

a military draft

Fort Pillow

site of Confederate massacre of more than 200 African American war prisoners

income tax

Tax paid to the state, federal, and local governments based on income earned over the past year.

Andersonville

The most infamous prison in the south. There was no shelter. There was a huge population, and there were food shortages, overcrowding, and disease that killed about 100 men a day during the summer months.

Clara Barton

Nurse during the Civil War; started the American Red Cross

Gettysburg

The most violent battle of the American Civil War and is frequently cited as the war's turning point, fought from July 1 - July 3, 1863.

Chancellorsville

In Virginia where Lee daringly divided his numerically inferior army and sent Stonewall Jackson to attack the Union flank. This was successful strategy as it was one of the Confederates most successful victories of the war. However, during the battle Jackson was shot and killed by friendly fire which depleted the moral of the confederate force.

Vicksburg

Grant's best fought campaign, this siege ended in the seizure of the Mississippi River by the Union

Gettysburg Adress

Speech given by Abraham Lincoln which captured the spirit of liberty and morality ideally held by citizens of a democracy. That ideal was threatened by the Civil War.

William Tecumseh Sherman

Union General who destroyed South during "march to the sea" from Atlanta to Savannah, example of total war

Election of 1874

Lincoln was pessimistic but won.

Appomattox

Lee surrenders here, but Grant offers the Confederacy good surrender terms to try to reunify the country.

Thirteenth Ammendment

ammendment of the Constitution that outlawed slavery

John Wilkes Booth

United States actor and assassin of President Lincoln (1838-1865)

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