organization of the parts of a poem or other literary form
Point of View
The angle of vision from which a story is narrated.
a literary device in which the credibility of the narrator is trustworthy.
a literary device in which the credibility of the narrator is seriously compromised.
Distinguished by its lack of a realistic personality.
complex and realistic, they represent a depth of personality which is imitative of life.
does not undergo significant change.
changes significantly during the course of the story.
Warning or indication of future event.
First Person Narration
The narrator is a character or an observer.
Third Person Narration
Narration from a character who is not present in the story.
The narrator to know some things about the characters but not everything.
The narrator knows everything about the characters.
The narrator knows or appears to know no more than the reader.
The creation of images using words.
A figure of speech in which two things are compared, usually by saying one thing is another, or by substituting a more descriptive word for the more common or usual word that would be expected, i.e. - sea of troubles.
A figure of speech in which two things are compared using the word "like" or "as." "What happens to a dream deferred?/ Does it dry up/ like a raisin in the sun?"
A figure of speech in which nonhuman things or abstract ideas are given human attributes: the sky is crying, dead leaves danced in the wind, blind justice.
A figure of speech in which an attribute of a thing or something closely related to it is substituted for the thing itself. Thus, "sweat" can mean "hard labor," and "Capitol Hill" represents the U.S. Congress.
A figure of speech in which a part of a person or thing is used to designate the whole—thus, "The house was built by 40 hands" for "The house was built by 20 people."
A fanciful poetic image or metaphor that likens one thing to something else that is seemingly very different. "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?"
A figure of speech in which exceptional exaggeration is deliberately used for emphasis rather than deception."Even unto a thousand thousand years."
The four chief fluids of the body that were thought in Medieval Europe to regulate the physical and mental characteristics of a person.
Blood. Gives a ruddy face and optimistic attitude, also bloodthirsty.
Bile. Gives energy and ambition, but makes a person bad-tempered and impatient in excess.
Mucus. Generally self-content and kind, but can be shy.
Black bile, melancholic. Creative but overly-sensitive.
Short poems, often written in the 'I' form, where the poet expresses his or her feelings
A poem about death and idyllic rural life - often featuring shepherds.
Poem narrated by an imaginary character (not the poet) in the manner of a speech from a play
Change in rhetorical direction.
The continuation of a sentence or phrase across a line break - as opposed to an end-stopped line.
Line that exceeds the established meter or continues across a line break.
Line grammatically ceases at the end before a line break.
Imaginary character who speaks or narrates.
Verse which attempts to instruct or educate - as opposed to pure poetry.
Speaking one's thought aloud.
Movement that reacted against the order and balance of the previous age in favour of self expression, inspiration and soaring imagination.
Movement characterised by formality and restraint.
Movement that depicts subjects as they appear in everyday life, without embellishment or interpretation.
Degree of emotional involvement in a work of art.
The exposure of the vices or follies of an indiviudal, a group, an institution, an idea, a society, etc., usually with a view to correcting it.
Imitation of a poem or another poet's style for comic/satiric effect.
Praise which is really an insult; generally involves malice, the desire to put someone down,
The discrepancy between what is said and what is meant, what is said and what is done, what is expected or intended and what happens, what is meant or said and what others understand.
A particularly a dramatic presentation of serious actions in which the chief character has a disastrous fate. More about the individual than society.
A presentation with lighter actions and a happy ending, often with marriage. Concerns society more than the individual.
Comedy of Manners
satirizes the manners and affectations of a social class, often represented by stock characters
Victorian Dillema-need clarification.
A quantitative meter of eleven syllables.
The presentation of essential information regarding what has occurred prior to the beginning of the play
Literary Truth-need clarification.
self-consciously addresses the devices of fiction.
self-consciously addresses the devices of plays.
an abstract idea that is supposed to be a comprehensive explanation of historical experience or knowledge
Commentary on language.
Analysis of criticism.
study of language and its relationship to culture and society.
Considers the ultimate nature of reality.
A story illustrating an idea or a moral principle in which objects take on symbolic meanings.
A figure of speech in which sharply contrasting ideas are juxtaposed in a balanced or parallel phrase or grammatical structure
a literary device used to induce a tender emotional response disproportionate to the situation
Placed or dealt with close together for contrasting effect.