§upa - Jeopardy Terms - 9 - Early Cultures in Europe

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A list of Jeopardy terms relating to early cultures in Europe.

Warrior

Primary occupation of German men

Women, Slaves

Members of German society who did most of the work

Clan ( tribe )

Basic unit of German society

Vandals

German tribe that used its kingdom in North Africa as a base for pirate raids

Kingdom

Form of government set up by invading Germans

Huns

Fierce nomadic people from Asia who invaded Europe

Dark Ages

Term formerly used for the Early Middle Ages

Danube

River valley along the Roman Empire's border where many Germans settled

Woden ( Odin )

Chief German god

Thor

God of war and thunder

Ostrogoths

East Goths, driven westward by the Huns

Visigoths

West Goths; they capture and plundered Rome

Vandalism

A German tribe gave its name to this word; the willful and senseless destruction of property

Spain

European country occupied by Romans, then Vandals, then Visigoths

Anarchy

State of European society after the German invasions destroyed the Roman Empire

No Written Language

Why the Germans didn't write their own history

Valhalla

Where German warriors expected to spend their afterlife

Alaric

Visigoth king who led the sack of Rome in 410

People

Source of German law

Lombards

German tribe that moved across the Alps into northern Italy

Burgundians

German tribe that moved into central Gaul

Christianity

Religion the Frankish king and his warriors converted to

Church

Institution that supported the Franks after they converted

France

Modern-day country that takes its name from the Franks

Islam

Religion the invading Arabs hoped to spread throughout Europe

Charles the Great

English translation of both Charlemagne and Karl der Grosse

Rhine

River along which the Franks lived

Clovis

King who first brought all Franks under one rule

Religion, Language

Two characterisitics shared by most Franks that helped them to feel united

France

Modern country that developed from the Western Frankish kingdom

Germany

Modern country that developed from the Eastern Frankish kingdom

Charles Martel

Leader who defeated the invading Arabs

Battle of Tours

Battle of 732 in which the invading Arabs were defeated

Pepin ( the Short, III )

First Frankish king personally crowned by the pope

Charlemagne

Frankish king who became "Emperor of the Romans"

Slavs, Avars, Arabs ( Muslims )

The invading peoples defeated by Charlemagne

Education

Charlemagne made this available even to some lower-class children

Louis the Pious

Charlemagne's only surviving son

Treaty of Verdun

Agreement that divided the empire among Charlemagne's three grandsons

Paris

Capital of the Frankish kingdom under Clovis

Aix - la - Chapelle

Charlemagne's capital city

Magyars

Asian invaders who reminded Europeans of the Huns

Celts

Early inhabitants of Britain, who were conquered by Romans

Angles, Saxons, Jutes

Three Germanic tribes that invaded Britain around 450

Angles

Tribe that gave its name to England

Wales, Western Scotland, Ireland

Lands the Celts fled to from Britain

St. Patrick

Famed missionary who brought Christianity to Ireland

Peasant Class

Status of most English people

Picts, Scots

The two peoples of northern Britain (modern Scotland)

North Sea

Body of water crossed by the tribes that invaded Britain

Monasteries

Centers of culture in Ireland

St. Augustine

Head missionary to Anglo-Saxons

Canterbury

Center of the Christian church in England, as established by Augustine

Alfred the Great

King of Wessex who fought the invading Vikings

Danes

English term for invading Vikings

Beowulf

Epic Anglo-Saxon poem

Shires

Local districts of England

Sheriffs

Officials who governed local districts in England

Irish Sea

Body of water between Britain and Ireland

Northumbria

Important kingdom in northern England

Mercia

Important kingdom in central England

Wessex

Important kingdom in southern England

Gregory I

Pope who decided to convert the Anglo-Saxons to Christianity

Ethelbert ( king of Kent )

Anglo-Saxon king who allowed the missionaries to teach about Christianity

Danelaw

Northeastern region of England ruled by the Vikings

Norsemen ( Northmen )

Europeans' term for Vikings

Scandinavia

Far northern Europe

Brutal and Pitiless in Fighting

A characteristic of Vikings that terrified Europeans

Shipbuilding

What the Vikings used much of their abundant timber for

Trade

Occupation of seafaring Vikings in addition to raiding

Warrior

Primary occupation of Viking men

Opening of trade routes, learning shipping skills

An advantage of Viking raids for Europeans

Norway

The three kingdoms of the Vikings

Schools

Vikings had none of these for their children

Odin ( Wotan )

King of the gods

Thor

God of thunder and lightning

Baltic Sea

Body of water crossed by Viking raiders heading toward Russia

Eric the Red

Norwegian adventurer who founded a colony on Greenland

Greenland, Iceland

The two North Atlantic islands colonized by Norwegian Vikings

Leif Eriksson

Eric the Red's son, who sailed to North America

Vinland

Vikings' name for the sport on the coast of North America where they landed

Atlantic Ocean

Body of water the Vikings crossed to get to Greenland and North America

Runes

Viking letters of the alphabet

Eddas

Heroic or mythic poems of the Vikings

Sagas

Heroic stories of the Vikings

Canute

Danish ruler who became king of England

Normandy

Area of France where Danes settled in large numbers

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