AP/IB Literature I Mid-Term Vocab

Created by NcStraughan 

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Definitions taken from the New Oxford American Dictionary. Definitions are of the words WITHOUT parenthesis added.

Assertion

{noun} a confident and forceful statement of fact or belief [with clause]

Clarity

{noun} the quality of being clear, in particular of coherence and intelligibility, being easy to see or hear, being certain or definite, or transparency or purity

Cogent

{adjective} (of an argument or case) clear, logical, and convincing

Coherent

{adjective} 1.(of an argument, theory, or policy) logical and consistent 2. united as or forming a whole

Cohesive

{adjective} Characterized by or causing the action or fact of forming a united whole

Didactic

{adjective} intended to teach, particularly in having moral instruction as an ulterior motive

Discourse

{noun} written or spoken communication or debate

Eloquence

{noun} fluent or persuasive speaking or writing

Emphasize

{verb [transitive] } give special importance or prominence to (something) in speaking or writing

Fluid

{noun} substance that has no fixed shape and yields easily to external pressure
{adjective} (of a substance) able to flow easily

Implication

{noun} 1. the conclusion that can be drawn from something, although it is not explicitly stated 2. the action or state of being involved in something

Lucid

{adjective} expressed clearly; easy to understand

Rhetoric

{noun} the art of persuasive speaking or writing, especially the use of figures of speech and other compositional techniques

Arbiter

{noun} a person who settles a dispute or has ultimate authority in a matter

Bias(-ed)

{noun} prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair

Exculpate

{verb [transitive]} show or declare that (someone) is not guilty of wrongdoing

Impartial

{adjective} treating all rivals or disputants equally; fair and just

Incontrovertible

{adjective} not able to be denied or disputed

Integrity

{noun} 1. The quality of being honest and having strong moral principles; moral uprightness

Objective(-ity)

{adjective} (of a person or their judgment) not influenced by personal feelings or opinions in considering and representing facts

Penitent

{adjective} feeling or showing sorrow and regret for having done wrong; repentant
{noun} a person who repents their sins or wrongdoings and (in the Christian Church) seeks forgiveness from God

Plausible

{adjective} (of an argument or statement) seeming reasonable or probable

Substantiate(-d)

{verb} provide evidence to support or prove truth of

Vindicate(-d)

{verb [transitive]} clear (someone) of blame or suspicion

Condescending

{adjective} acting in a way that betrays a feeling of patronizing superiority

Contemptuous

{adjective} showing contempt; scornful

Despot(-ic)

{noun} a ruler or other person who holds absolute power, typically one who exercises it in a cruel or oppressive way

Dictatorial

{adjective} of or typical of a ruler with total power

Disdain

{noun} the feeling that someone or something is unworthy of one's consideration or respect; contempt
{verb [transitive]} consider to be unworthy of one's consideration

Haughty

{adjective} arrogantly superior and disdainful

Imperious

{adjective} assuming power or authority without justification; arrogant and domineering

Patronize(-ing)

{verb} 1. [often as adjective] (patronizing) treat with an apparent kindness that betrays a feeling of superiority 2. frequent (a store, theater, restaurant, or other establishment) as a customer

Convoluted

{adjective} (especially of an argument, story, or sentence) extremely complex and difficult to follow

Cryptic

{adjective} having meaning that is mysterious or obscure

Futile

{adjective} incapable of producing any useful result; pointless

Impede

{verb [transitive]} delay or prevent (someone or something) by obstructing them; hinder

Obscure

{adjective} not discovered or known about; uncertain
{verb [transitive]} keep from being seen; conceal

Quandary

{noun} a state of perplexity or uncertainty over what to do in a difficult situation

Indolent

{adjective} wanting to avoid activity or exertion; lazy

Insipid

{adjective} lacking flavor

Listless

{adjective} (of a person or their manner) lacking energy or enthusiasm

Torpor

{noun} a state of physical or mental inactivity; lethargy

Alienate(-ed)

{verb [transitive]} cause (someone) to feel isolated or estranged

Alliance

{noun} a union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or organizations

Disparity

{noun} a great difference

Servile

{adjective} 1. having or showing an excessive willingness to serve or please others 2. of or characteristic of a slave or slaves

Suppress(-ed)

{verb [transitive]} forcibly put an end to

Embellish

{verb [transitive]} make (something) more attractive by the addition of decorative details or features

Florid

{adjective} 1. having a red or flushed complexion 2. elaborately or excessively intricate or complicated

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