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Questions from the lectures

Aerobic exercise ______ the body's production of serotonin and _______ its production of the endorphins.
A. decreases; decreases
B. increases; increases
C. decreases; increases
D. increases; decreases
E. Has no effect; increases

B. increases; increases

Which of the following are psychological illnesses?
A. Headaches
B. Ulcers
C. Hypertension
D. Heart Disease
E. All of the above

E. All of the above

The role of repressed childhood conflicts in personality disorders is mot cleary emphasized by the _______ perspective.
A. trait
B. social-cognitive
C. psychocognitive
D. humanistic
E. psychoanalytic

E. psychoanalytic

Freud thught that the part of a dream that we remember is a censored version of...
A. unconditional positive regard
B. the spotlight effect
C. unconscious wishes
D. self-serving bias
E. conscious superego

C. unconscious wishes

Bonnie is afraid to express anger at her overbreaing and irritating supervisor at work, so she is critical of her children instead. A psychoanaylst would suggest that Bonnie's reaction to her children illustrates...
A. identification
B. reaction formation
C. displacement
D. projection
E. defense mechanism

C. displacement

Carl Jung emphasized the importance of _______ in personality functioning.
A. inferiority feelings
B. psychosexual stages
C. the collective unconscious
D. unconditional positive regard
E. "womb-envy"

C. the collective unconscious

Hermann Rorschach introduced what has become the most widely used _______ test.
A. empirically derived
B. thematic apperception
C. factor analytic
D. projective
E. creativity

D. projective

Abraham Maslow suggested that individuals who are open, spontaneous, and not paralyzed by others' opinions illustrate...
A. extraversion
B. reaction formation
C. self-actualization
D. an external locus of control
E. strong super ego

C. self-actualization

Humanistic psychology has been most cleary associate with an emphasis on the importance of...
A. empirically derived tests
B. reciprocal determinism
C. a positive self-concept
D. an external locus of control
E. self-reports

D. an external locus of control

Which technique would psychologists use to assess whether a cluster of characteristics that includes ambition, determination, persistence, and self-reliance reflects a single personality trait?
A. projective testing
B. factor analysis
C. empirically derived testing
D. free association
E. MMPI

B. factor analysis

One of the Big Five personality factors is...
A. reciprocal determinism
B. self-actualization
C. agreeableness
D. psychoanalysis
E. paranoia

C. agreeableness

In Allport's view, cardinal traits are...?
A. the most pervasive characteristics of one's personality
B. basic building blocks of personality
C. specific preferences
D. fluctuating patterns of behavior
E. superficial traits inferred from observation

A. the most pervasive characteristics of one's personality

The most widely adopted trait model of personality today is the...?
A. self-actualization model
B. Cattell sixteen-trait model
C. Allport hierarchial model
D. five-factor model
E. Eysenck three-trait model

D. five-factor model

Marcy believes that the outcome of athletic contests depends so much on luck that it hardly pays to put any effort into her own athletic training. Her belief most clearly illustrates...
A. the spotlight effect
B. the Barnum effect
C. the false consensus effect
D. an external locus of control
E. learned helplessness

D. an external locus of control

The operational procedure of trephination refers to:
A. removal of sections of bone from the skull
B. surgical resection of brain tissue
C. exorcism of spirits
D. French medical procedure involving ice picks
E. clinical examination of "bumps" on the skull

A. removal of sections of bone from the skull

Brian often interrupts his teacher while she is speaking and frequently forgets to complete his homework assignments. He also has difficulty taking turns in playground games with classmates. Brian clearly exhibits symptoms of...
A. DID
B. OCD
C. PTSD
D. ADHD
E. depression

D. ADHD

The diathesis-stress model is an example of which model of abnormal behavior?
A. psychodynamic
B. biopsychosocial
C. cognitive
D. humanistic
E. sociocultural

B. biopsychosocial

Symptoms that may be misperceived as a heart attack are most characteristic of...
A. bipolar disorder
B. panic disorder
C. dissociative disorders
D. obsessive-compulsive disorder
E. schizoplenia

B. panic disorder

Which of the following is an example of an anxiety disorder?
A. bipolar disorder
B. phobia
C. depression
D. schizophrenia
E. trephination disorder

B. phobia

At one time, disordered people were simply warehoused in asylums. These were replaced with psychiatric hospitals in which attempts were made to diagnose and cure those with psychological disorders. This best illustrates one of the beneficial consequences of...
A. psychoanalytic theory
B. the DSM-IV-TR
C. the medical model
D. linkage analysis
E. the ICD-10

C. the medical model

Years after he barely survived a terrorist attack that killed his wife and two children, Mr. Puskari suffers recurring flashbacks and frequent nightmares of the event that render him incapable of holding a steady job. Mr. Puskari is most clearly showing signs of...
A. OCD
B. generalized anxiety disorder
C. post-traumatic stress disorder
D. somatoform disorder
E. dissociated amnesia

C. post-traumatic stress disorder

Elaine feels that her life is empty, has lost all interest in her career and hobbies, and wonders if she would be better off dead. She is most likely suffering from...
A. hypochondriasis
B. antisocial personality disorder
C. a mood disorder
D. agoraphobia
E. bipolar disorder

C. a mood disorder

Without success, Maxine spends hours each day trying to suppress intrusive thoughts that she might have forgotten to lock her house when she left for work. Her experience is most symptomatic of...
A. panic disorder
B. obessive-compulsive disorder
C. generalized anxiety disorder
D. a histrionic personality disorder
E. bipolar disorder

B. obsessive-compulsive disorder

Mr. Hoffman has always been cautious with his money, but over the past two weeks he has developed grandiose plans to bet his entire life savings on a single horse race. With unrestrained exuberance he has also been giving everybody he sees unsolicited advice on how to make millions in the stock market. Mr. Hoffman's behavior is most indicative of...
A. obsessive-compulsive disorder
B. antisocial personality disorder
C. mania
D. a panic attack
E. histrionic personality disorder

C. mania

Although Mark realizes that his behavior is unreasonable, he is so alarmed by high bridges or expressway overpasses that he avoids them by taking an unnecessarily lengthy route to and from work each day. Mark appears to suffer from...
A. OCD
B. hypochondriasis
C. a phobia
D. generalized anxiety disorder
E. bipolar disorder

C. a phobia

Antidepressants typically work on which neurotransmitters?
A. GABA and serotonin
B. serotonin and norepinephrine
C. norepinephrine and dopamine
D. dopamine and GABA
E. serotonin and epinephrine

E. serotonin and epinephrine

Mrs. Higgins believes that aliens from another planet have removed her stomach and are watching her to see how long it takes her to grow another one. Mrs. Higgins is most likely suffering from...
A. agoraphobia
B. bipolar disorder
C. schizophrenia
D. dissociative identity disorder
E. alien stomach phobia

C. schizophrenia

Symptoms of schizophrenia begin to appear at a median age of about...
A. 5
B. 12
C. 20
D. 32
E. 42

C. 20

Oxygen deprivation at the time of birth is a known risk factor for...
A. panic disorder
B. schizophrenia
C. bipolar disorder
D. somatoform disorder
E. agoraphobia

B. schizophrenia

A loss of physical function that has no organic cause is the primary symptom of...
A. hypochondriasis
B. dissociative disorder
C. conversion disorder
D. somatophobia
E. somatization disorder

C. conversion disorder

The relationship between the season of the year in which people are born and their subsequent risk of schizophrenia best highlights the role of _______ in this disorder.
A. genetic influences
B. viral infections
C. oxygen deprivation
D. learned helplessness
E. antisocial personality disorder

B. viral infections

Kyle is extremely manipulative and can look anyone in the eye and lie convincingly. His deceit often endangers the safety and well-being of those around him, but he is indifferent to any suffering they might experience as a result of his actions. His behavior best illustrates...
A. schizophrenia
B. conversion disorder
C. OCD
D. antisocial personality disorder
E. Paranoid schizophrenic

D. antisocial personality disorder

Physical complaints that cannot be explained medically are characteristic of...
A. dissociate identity disorder
B. culture-free syndromes
C. somatoform disorders
D. dissociative amnesia
E. dysthymic disorder

C. somatoform disorders

During her weekly therapy sessions, Sabrina will often abruptly shift the focus of her attention and lose her train of thought. A psychoanalyst would suggest that this illustrates...
A. spontaneous recovery
B. progressive relaxation
C. resistance
D. regression toward the mean
E. bipolar disorder

C. resistance

Schizophrenia may involve imbalances in which neurotransmitter system?
A. dopamine
B. norepinephrine
C. epinephrine
D. serotonin
E. acetylcholine

A. dopamine

To help Adam reduce his fear of dogs, a therapist encourages him to physically relax and then simply imagine he is walking toward a friendly and harmless little dog. The therapist's technique best illustrates...
A. psychodynamic therapy
B. operant conditioning
C. stress inoculation training
D. systematic desensitization
E. aversive therapy

D. systematic desensitization

If a patient suffers uncontrollable seizures, physicians can destroy specific nerve clusters that cause or transmit the convulsions. This best illustrates a procedure known as...
A. rTMS
B. psychosurgery
C. systematic desensitization
D. electroconvulsive therapy
E. trephination

B. psychosurgery

Which of the following is a selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor?
A. Xanax
B. Prozac
C. Clozaril
D.Thorazine
E. Lithium

B. Prozac

Which of the following individuals is most likely to benefit from lithium?
A. Olivia, who experiences delusions and auditory hallucinations
B. Landon, who experiences a generalized sense of apprehension and anxiety
C. Miranda, who experiences periods of extreme sadness followed by episodes of optimistic overexcitement
D. Ivan, who experiences sudden brief episodes of intense dread and panic
E. Steve, who experiences anxiety when entering public spaces.

C. Miranda, who experiences periods of extreme sadness followed by episodes of optimistic overexcitement

Waxy flexibility is a feature of the _____ type of schizophrenia.
A. paranoid
B. delirious
C. disorganized
D. depressive
E. catatonic

E. catatonic

Minor tranquilizer drugs are also called...
A. tricyclics
B. antidepressants
C. antianxiety drugs
D. antipsychotics
E. antimanic drugs

C. antianxiety drugs

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