Lesson 2 Word List

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Chapters 4 & 5

abdomin/o

abdomen

abrasion

a scraping or rubbing away of skin or mucous membrane as a result of friction to the area

abscess

a localized collection of pus in any part of the body

acne vulgaris

a common inflammatory disorder seen on the face, chest, back, and neck, and which appears as papules, pustules, and comedos

actinic keratosis

a premalignant, gray or red-to-brown, hardened lesion caused by excessive exposure to sunlight

adip/o

fat

albin/o

white

albino, albinism

An individual with a marked deficiency of pigment in the eyes, hair and skin. A condition characterized by absence of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes

alopecia

partial or complete loss of hair, may result from normal aging, a reaction to a medication such as anticancer medications, and endocrine disorder, or some skin disease

amputation

the surgical removal of a part of the body or a limb or a part of a limb; performed to treat recurrent infections or gangrene of a limb

ana-

not, without

anter/o

front

autograft

tissue that is taken from one site and grafted to another site on the same person

bedsore

an inflammation, sore, or ulcer in the skin over a bony prominence of the body, resulting from loss of blood supply and oxygen to the area due to prolonged pressure on the body part; also known as a pressure ulcer.

blackhead

an open comedo, caused by accumulation of keratin and sebum within the opening of a hair follicle

blister

a small, thin-walled skin lesion containing clear fluid; a vesicle

boil

a localized pus-producing infection originating deep in a hair follicle; a furuncle

bruise

a bluish-black discoloration of the skin or mucous membrane caused by an escape of blood into the tissues as a result of injury to the area; also known as ecchymosis or a black-and-blue mark

bulla

a large blister

burns

tissue injury produced by flame, heat, chemicals, radiation, electricity or gases

Bx, bx

biopsy

callus

a common, usually painless thickening of the epidermis at sites of external pressure or friction. This localized hyperplastic area of up to 1 inch in size is also know as a callosity.

carbuncle

a circumscribed inflammation of the skin and deeper tissues that contains pus, which eventually discharges to the skin surface

caut/o

burn

cautery

heat or caustic substances that burn or scar the skin (coagulation of tissue)

cellulitis

a diffuse, acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, characterized by localized heat, deep redness, pain and swelling

cerumen

ear wax

cervic/o

neck; cervix

cicatrix

a scar; the pale, firm tissue that forms in the healing of a wound

coccyg/o

coccyx

comedo

the typical lesion of acne vulgaris, caused by accumulation of keratin and sebum within the opening of a hair follicle

contusion

an injury to a part of the body without a break in the skin

crani/o

skull; cranium

cryosurgery

a noninvasive treatment that uses sub-freezing temperature to freeze and destroy the tissue. Coolants such as liquid nitrogen are used in the metal probe.

curettage and electrodessication

this procedure involves scraping away abnormal tissue followed by destroying the tumor base with a low-voltage electrode

cutane/o

skin

cyanosis

slightly bluish, grayish, slate-like, or dark discoloration of the skin due to the presence of abnormal amounts of reduced hemoglobin in the blood

cyst

a closed sac or pouch in or within the skin that contains fluid, semifluid, or solid material

cyt/o

cell

debridement

removal of debris, foreign objects, and damaged or necrotic tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and to promote healing

decub.

bedsore

decubitis ulcer

chronic ulcer of the skin caused by prolonged pressure on it, a bedsore

derm.

dermatology

derm/o

skin

dermabrasion

removal of the epidermis and a portion of the dermis with sandpaper or brushes in order to eliminate superficial scars or unwanted tattoos

dermat/o

skin

dermatitis

inflammation of the skin, seen in several forms. May be acute or chronic, contact or seborrheic

dermatitis

inflammation of the skin, seen in several forms. May be acute or chronic, contact or seborrheic

dermatoplasty

skin transplantation to a body surface damaged by injury or disease

diaphoresis

the secretion of sweat

dors/o

back

dys-

bad, difficult, painful, disordered

ecchymosis

a bluish-black discoloration of the skin or mucous membrane caused by an escape of blood into the tissues as a result of an injury to the area; also known as a bruise or a black-and-blue mark

eczema

an acute or chronic inflammatory skin condition characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, or scabs, and is accompanied by intense itching

electrodessication or fulguration

a technique using an electrical spark to burn and destroy tissue; used for the removal of surface lesions

electrosurgery

the removal or destruction of tissue with an electrical current

epi-

upon, over

erythema

redness of the skin due to capillary dilatation. An example is nervous blushing or a mild sunburn.

erythr/o

red

escharotomy

an incision made into the necrotic tissue resulting from a severe burn

excoriation

an injury to the surface of the skin caused by trauma, such as scratching or abrasions

first degree burn

a burn that affects the epidermis only, causing erythema without blistering

fissure

a crack-like sore or groove in the skin or mucous membrane

fistula

an abnormal passageway between two tubular organs (e.g. rectum and vagina) or from an organ to the body surface

FS

Frozen section

furuncle

a localized pus-producing infection originating deep in a hair follicle; a boil

gangrene

death of tissue, most often involving the extremities; usually the result of ischemia (loss of blood supply to an area), bacterial invasion and subsequent putrefaction (decaying) of the tissues, producing a very offensive, foul odor

hemangioma

a benign (nonmalignant) tumor that consists of a mass of blood vessels and has a reddish-purple color

herpes zoster (shingles)

an acute viral infection caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox; characterized by painful, vesicular lesions or eruptions on the skin following along the nerve pathways of underlying spinal or cranial nerves

xenograft

issue from an animal of one species used as a temporary graft (as in cases of severe burns) on an individual of another species

heterograft

issue from an animal of one species used as a temporary graft (as in cases of severe burns) on an individual of another species

hidr/o

sweat

hirsutism

a condition in which there is excessive body hair in a male distribution pattern

hist/o

tissue

hits/o

tissue

hives

circumscribed, slightly elevated lesions of the skin that are paler in the center than their surrounding edges; also known as wheal(s)

allograft

tissue or organ transplanted from a donor of the same species but different genetic makeup

homograft

tissue or organ transplanted from a donor of the same species but different genetic makeup

hydrocele

an accumulation of fluid in any saclike cavity or duct, particularly the scrotal sac or along the spermatic cord

hypo-

under, below, beneath less than

I&D

Incision and drainage

-iac

pertaining to

ichthy/o

fish

ili/o

ilium

impetigo

contagious superficial skin infection characterized by serous vesicles and pustules filled with millions of staphylococcus or streptococcus bacteria, usually forming on the face

inguin/o

groin

inter-

between

-ion

action, process

keloid

an enlarged, irregularly shaped, and elevated scar that forms due to the presence of large amounts of collagen during the formation of the scar

kerat/o

hard, horny

keratosis

skin condition in which there is a thickening and overgrowth of the cornified epithelium

laceration

a tear in the skin

later/o

side

lesion

a wound, injury, or any pathological change in body tissue; any visible damage to the tissues of the skin, such as a wound, sore, rash, or boil

leuk/o

white

leukoplakia

white, hard, thickened patches firmly attached to the mucous membrane in areas such as the mouth, vulva, or penis

liposuction

aspiration of fat through a suction cannula or curette to alter the body contours

lumb/o

loins, lower back

macule

a small, flat discoloration of the skin that is neither raised nor depressed

medi/o

middle

melan/o

black

myc/o

fungus

nevus

visual accumulation of melanocytes, creating a flat or raised rounded macule or papule with definite borders

nodule

a small, circumscribed swelling protruding above the skin

nucle/o

nucleus

onych/o

nails

onychocryptosis

ingrown nail

onycholysis

separation of a fingernail fro its bed, beginning at the free margin. This condition is associated with dermatitis of the hand, psoriasis and fungal infection

onychomycosis

any fungal infection of the nails

onycophagia

the habit of biting the nails

pachyderma

abnormal thickening of the skin

papule

a small, solid, circumscribed elevation on the skin

paronychia

inflammation of the fold of skin surrounding the fingernail; also called run-around

pediculosis

infestation with lice

pelv/i

pelvis

petechia

small, purpleish, hemorrhagic spots on the skin

pil/o

hair

pilonidal cyst

a closed sac located in the sacrococcygeal area of the back and sometimes noted at birth as a dimple.

pimple

a papule or pustule of the skin

-plasm

living substance

polyp

a small, stalklike growth that protrudes upward or outward from a mucous membrane surface, resembling a mushroom stalk

poster/o

back

proxim/o

near

pruritus

itching

psoriasis

a common, noninfectious, chronic disorder of the skin manifested by silvery-white scales over round, raised reddened plaques producing pruritus

purpura

a group of bleeding disorders characterized by bleeding into the skin and mucous membranes; small, pinpoint hemorrhages are known as petechia and larger hemmorrhagic areas are known as ecchymoses or bruises

pustule

a small elevation of the skin filled with pus; a small abscess

rosacea

a chronic inflammatory skin disease that mainly affects the skin of the middle third of the face

sacr/o

sacrum

SC

subcutaneous

scabies

a highly contagious parasitic infestation caused by the "human itch mite," resulting in a rash, pruritus, and a feeling in the skin of "something crawling"

scler/o

hard

scleroderma

a gradual thickening of the dermis and swelling of the hands and feet to a state in which the skin is anchored to the underlying tissue

seborrhea

excessive secretion of sebum, resulting in excessive oiliness or dry scales

seborrheic keratosis

appears as brown to waxy yellow wartlike lesion(s) 5 to 20 mm in diameter, loosely attached to the skin surface also known as senile warts

second degree burn

a burn that affects the epidermis and the dermis

skin biopsy

the removal of a small piece of tissue from skin lesions for the purpose of examining it under a microscope to confirm or establish a diagnosis

skin graft

a process or placing tissue on a recipient site, taken from a donor site, in order to provide the protective mechanisms of skin to an area unable to regenerate skin

skin tags

a small, brownish or flesh colored outgrowth of skin occurring frequently on the neck; also known as a cutaneous papilloma

SLE

Systemic lupus erythematosus

-some

"a body" of a specified type

spin/o

spine

squam/o

scales

systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)

a chronic, multisystem inflammatory connective tissue disease characterized by lesions of the nervous system and skin, renal problems, and vasculitis in which immune complexes are formed from the reaction of SLE autoantibodies and their corresponding antigens; these immune complexes are deposited in the connective tissues of lymphatic vessels, blood vessels, and other tissues

TENS

transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

third degree burn

a burn that destroys both the epidermis and the dermis

thorac/o

chest

tinea

ringworm, a chronic fungal infection of the skin characterized by scaling, itching, and sometimes painful lesions

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