Chapter 5 Honors History Exam

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Thepasswordis

1. What caused the major difficulties in uniting ancient Greeks under a single gov't?
a. the size of the region
b. the geography of the region
c. the independent nature of the people
d. all of the above

d. all of the above

2. Who was driven from Greece shortly before the golden age of Athens begins?
A. the Trojans
b. the Persians
c. the Spartans
d. the Macedonians

B. The persians

3. Why was Alexandria, Egypt, important during the Hellenistic period?
A. As a center of scholarship, Alexandria became second only to Sparta
b. While working in Alexandria, Ptolemy correctly placed earth at the center of the solar system. C. It became the foremost center of the Greek army and weapons production
d. It became the foremost center of commerce and Hellenistic culture.

D. It became the foremost center of commerce and Hellenistic culture

4. What separated the different regions within Greece?
A. Mountains
b. Rivers
c. dense forests
d. cast stretches of uninhabitable land

A. Mountains

5. Which of the following fought the Peloponessian War?
A. Athens and Sparta
b. Greece and Persia
c. Athens and Thrace
d. Greece and Macedonia

A. Athens and Sparta

6. Which of the following was NOT a reason why Macedonia conquered Greece?
A. the Macedonian army was unusually well trained
b. Macedonia received effective assistance from Persia
c. Greece had been weakened by the Peloponessian war
d. Greek city states failed to unify in time to effectively resist.

B. Macedonia received effective assistance from Persia

7. Alexander the Great's first victories against the Persians gave him control of which region?
A. India
b. Egypt
c. Babylon
d. Anatolia

D. Anatolia

8. Which of the following cultures was not represented in the cultural blend of Hellenistic culture? A. Indian
b. Persian
c. Chinese
d. Egyptian

C. Chinese

9. Which of the following did Athens and Sparta have in common
a. They were both city states.
B. They were both democracies
c. They were both military states
d. they were both leaders in the delian league.

A. They were both city states

10. After conquering Greece, Alexander the Great conquered which regions?
a. Macedonia and Egypt
b. Persian Empire, the Indus Valey and China
c. Persian Empire, Egypt, Indus Valley
d. Anatolia, Egypt, the Indus Valley and China

C. Persian Empire, Egypt, Indus Valley

11. Which of the following pairs were most alike in their political impact?
A. Themistocles and Philip
b. Solomon and Pericles
c. Draco and Alexander
d. Ptolemy and Seluceus

d. ptolemy and seluceus

12. What is the order in which these three peoples dominated Greece?
A. Mycenaens, Dorians, Macedonians
b. Mycenaens, Macedonians, Dorians
c. Dorians, Mycenaeans, Macedonians
d. Macedonians, Dorians, Mycenaeans.

A. Mycenaens, Dorians, Macedonians

13. What was an important feature of Athenian democracy under Pericles?
A. It introduced the concept of elected representatives
b. It unified the executive and legislative branches of gov't
c. It increased the number of paid public officials.
D. It decreased the requirements for citizenship

C. It increased the number of paid public officials

14. What was the direct cause of Athens's gradual move toward democracy?
A. Dangers posed by the Persians
b. the code of laws written by Draco
c. Fears of major political upheavals
d. the teachings of Socrates and Aristotle.

b. the code of laws written by Draco

15. Why is it important that Alexander the Great was a student of Aristotle?
A. Aristotle taught Alexander all that was known in the Greek world then
b. Aristotle taught Alexander how to fight by Greek methods
c. Aristotle taught Alexander the philosophy of stoicism
d. Aristotle taught Alexander classical strategies to defeat the Persians

A. Aristotle taught Alexander all that was known in the Greek world then

16. Why did Alexander the Great refuse the peace settlement from Darius III?
A. Alexander's advisors told him that Darius was offering too little
b. Alexander's quick victory made him want the entire Persian Empire
c. Alexander had reason to believe that Darius would go back on his word
d. Alexander's advisors had warned him that Darius was arming himself for war.

b. Alexander's quick victory made him want the entire Persian Empire

17. Which of the following was NOT a reson why Alexander was the foremost center for the spread of Hellenistic civilization?
A. Its strategic location for commerce
b. Its museum and research library
c. Its military conquests
d. Its rich mix of cultures

C. Its military conquests

18. What caused the decline of Athens's golden age and the end of democracy?
A. Earthquakes
b. Military defeat
c. Corruption
d. Volcanic eruption

B. Military defeat

19. How did Hellenistic sculpture differ from classical sculpture?
A. It was more realistic and emotional
b. It was made from bronze, not marble
c. It was colossal in size
d. It emphasized the values of order, balance, and proportion

A. It was more realistic and emotional

20. Why do archaeologists think the Trojan War actually took place?
A. Troy still exists today but is called Istanbul
b. A German archaeologist found the remains of the Trojan Horse
c. The stories about war in the Iliad are too realistic not to be true.
D. An archaeologist discovered the possible remains of an ancient Troy.

D. An archaeologist discovered the possible remains of an ancient Troy.

21. Which people emphasized duty, strength and discipline?

Spartans

22. Who preserved and spread aspects of the Minoan culture?

Mycaeneans

23. Who moved into the Greek world and reigned for about 400 years and left no written record?

Dorians

24. What term is used today for the art of Athens during the Age of Pericles?

Classical

25. Who warned the Greeks about the Macedonian King Philip and his army?

Demothenes

26. Who wrote the well known book Elements which is the force in the ancient world?

Euclid

27. What battle formation produced the most powerful fighting force in the ancient world?

Phalanx

28. Where was the largest known Hellenistic statue located?

Rhodes

29. Sparta's declaration of war against Athens began which war?

Peloponnesian

29. Sparta's declaration of war against Athens began which war?

Peloponnesian

31. Which of the following cultures was not represented in the cultural blend of Hellenistic culture?
a. Indian
b. Persian
c. Chinese
d. Egyptian

C. Chinese

32. Which of the following did Athens and Sparta have in common?
a. City states
b. Democracies
c. Military states
d. Leaders in the Delian league

A. City states

33. After conquering Greece, Alexander the great conquered which regions?
a. Macedonia and Egypt
b. Persian empire, Indus valley and china
c. Persian empire, Egypt, Indus valley
d. Anatolia, Egypt, Indus valley, china

C. Persian empire, egypt, indus valley

34. Which of the following pairs were most alike in their political impact?
a. Themistocles and Philip
b. Solon and Pericles
c. Draco and Alexander
d. Ptolemy and Seleucus

D. Ptolemy and Seleucus

35. What is the order in which these three peoples dominated Greece?
a. Mycenaeans, Dorians, Macedonians
b. Mycenaeans, Macedonians, dorians.
c. Macedonians, durians, Mycenaean
d. Dorians, mycenaens, macedonias

a. Mycenaeans, Dorians, Macedonians

36. What was an important feature of Athenian democracy under pericles?
a. Introduced the concept of elected representatives
b. Unified the executive and legislative branches of government
c. Increased the number of paid public officials
d. Decreased the requirements for citizenship

c. Increased the number of paid public officials

37. What was the cause of Athens' gradual move toward democracy?
a. Dangers posed by the Persians
b. The code of laws written by Draco
c. Fears of major political upheavals
d. The teachings of Socrates and Aristotle

c. Fears of major political upheavals

38. Why is it important that Alexander the great was a student of aristotle?
a. He taught him all that was known in the greek world then
b. How to fight by greek methods
c. Philosophy of stoicism
d. Classical strategies to defeat the persians

a. He taught him all that was known in the greek world then

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