World War I

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isolationism

a policy of non-participation in foreign countries' economic and political relations

white man's burden

idea that many European countries had a duty to spread their religion and culture to those less civilized

imperialism

A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other weaker countries politically, socially, and economically.

racism

Belief that one racial group is superior to another and use discriminatory or abusive behavior towards members of another race

expansionism

the doctrine of expanding the territory or the economic influence of a country

nationalism

extreme pride and love of ones country and willingness to sacrifice for it

militarism

policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war

kaiser

a German Emperor

propaganda

Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.

black hand

Serbian nationalist/terrorist group responsible for the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand which resulted in the start of World War I.

Central Powers

The alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire and all the other nations that became allied with them in opposing the Allies

Allies

The alliance of Great Britain, France and Russia and all the other nations that became allied with them in opposing the Central Powers

Stalemate

Deadlock in which neither side is able to defeat the other

Lusitania

British passenger boat sunk by a German submarine that claimed 1,000 lives. One of main reasons America decided to join the war.

Annex

To take over

Treaty of Kanagawa

An agreement by Japan with America, that Japan would open two ports to trade with the U.S. and would help shipwrecked U.S. sailors

Boxer Rebellion

1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British Troops.

Archduke Francis Ferdinand

Heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary who was assassinated by Gavrilo Princip of Serbian nationalist group the "Black Hand". His assassination started WWI

Pacifist

One who is against war or the use of violence

Zimmerman Telegram

A telegram Germany sent to Mexico to convince Mexico to attack the U.S. if the U.S. attacked Germany

Czar

Russian emperor

Woodrow Wilson

U.S. President, who led the U.S. into WWI.

Warmonger

A person who advocates war or warlike policies and/or tries to stir up war

Draft

The selection of persons for required military service

Selective Service Act

Law passed by Congress in 1917 that required all men from ages 21 to 30 to register for the military draft

Sussex Pledge

The agreement between Germany and the US that said that Germany would sink no more merchant ships without warning

Victory Gardens

Gardens that citizens planted to raise their own vegetables, so that food could be sent to the troops.

Open Door Policy

A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.

Sphere of Influence

An area within a country in which a foreign power has special trading rights and privileges

Maine

A ship that exploded in Havana harbor, was sent to Cuba to protect American citizens

Buffalo Soldiers

Nickname for the African American members of the 9th and 10th cavalries during the Spanish-American war

Platt Amendment

Allowed the United States to intervene in Cuba and gave the United States control of the naval base at Guantanamo Bay.

Roosevelt Corollary

Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force

Monroe Doctrine

President James Monroe's statement forbidding further colonization in the Americas and declaring that any attempt by a foreign country to colonize would be considered an act of hostility

Dollar Diplomacy

President Taft's policy of promoting U. S. Interests overseas by encouraging American business to invest in foreign countries, particularly in the Caribbean and Central America.

Moral Diplomacy

Foreign policy proposed by President Wilson to condemn imperialism, spread democracy, and promote peace

Bureaucracy

A system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials

Harlem Hell Fighters

The African American infantry unit that fought with the French Army in World War I

Armistice

An agreement to stop fighting

Abdicate

To formally give up power

Treaty of Versailles

The treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which penalized Germany for their participation in the war

Fourteen Points

President Wilson's plan for world peace following World War I

Self-Determination

The ability of a government to determine their own government and course of their own free will

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

1918 treaty in which Russia lost substantial territory to the Germans. This ended Russian participation in the war.

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