the political orientation of those who favor progress toward better conditions in government and society
the Enlightenment, a philosophical movement of the 18th century, characterized by belief in the power of human reason and by innovations in political, religious, and educational doctrine.
A descriptive term for objects and institutions, especially houses, that originated three or four decades before the Civil War
a movement in American Protestantism that arose in the early part of the 20th century in reaction to modernism and that stresses the infallibility of the Bible not only in matters of faith and morals but also as a literal historical record, holding as essential to Christian faith belief in such doctrines as the creation of the world, the virgin birth, physical resurrection, atonement by the sacrificial death of Christ, and the Second Coming.
the policy or doctrine of isolating one's country from the affairs of other nations by declining to enter into alliances, foreign economic commitments, international agreements, etc., seeking to devote the entire efforts of one's country to its own advancement and remain at peace by avoiding foreign entanglements and responsibilities.
a sum paid, often in accordance with a treaty, by one government to another to secure some service in return.
asserting, resulting from, or characterized by belief in the equality of all people, esp. in political, economic, or social life.
he policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies.
an interchange of goods or commodities, esp. on a large scale between different countries (foreign commerce) or between different parts of the same country (domestic commerce); trade; business.
existing or occurring within the boundaries of a state, esp. of the United States: intrastate commerce.
(often initial capital letter) the failure or refusal of a U.S. state to aid in enforcement of federal laws within its limits, esp. on Constitutional grounds
a framework of doctrines, ideas, beliefs, or the like, constructed around a person or object, endowing the person or object with enhanced value or profound meaning
# The beliefs, worship, and system of organization of the Methodists. # methodism Emphasis on systematic procedure
an order of a government prohibiting the movement of merchant ships into or out of its ports.
to increase in intensity, magnitude, etc.: to escalate a war; a time when prices escalate.
a theory or system of social organization that advocates the vesting of the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution, of capital, land, etc., in the community as a whole.
often Romanticism An artistic and intellectual movement originating in Europe in the late 18th century and characterized by a heightened interest in nature, emphasis on the individual's expression of emotion and imagination, departure from the attitudes and forms of classicism, and rebellion against established social rules and conventions.
A Trust is an entity created to hold assets for the benefit of certain persons or entities, with a trustee managing the trust (and often holding title on behalf of the trust)
(lowercase) any of various, often antiestablishment or anti-intellectual political movements or philosophies that offer unorthodox solutions or policies and appeal to the common person rather than according with traditional party or partisan ideologies.
an organization of wage earners or salaried employees for mutual aid and protection and for dealing collectively with employers; trade union.
the state of being withdrawn or isolated from the objective world, as through indifference or disaffection.
One who refuses to accept the doctrines or usages of an established or a national church, especially a Protestant who dissents from the Church of England.
the process by which wages, hours, rules, and working conditions are negotiated and agreed upon by a union with an employer for all the employees collectively whom it represents
a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.
state of inactivity (in business or art etc); "economic growth of less than 1% per year is considered to be economic stagnation"
an internal tax or duty on certain commodities, as liquor or tobacco, levied on their manufacture, sale, or consumption within the country.
pertaining to a monetary system based on two metals; "in a bimetallistic system both gold and silver can constitute legal tender
Characterized by reaction, especially opposition to progress or liberalism; extremely conservative.