American Standard Code For Informations Interchange (ASCII)
Coding system that computers of all types and brands can translate.
Also called productivity software; helps you perform a specific task, such as word processing or spreadsheets.
In binary, a bit represents a zero or one.
A byte is another word for character; generally represented by eight bits.
Central Processing Unit (CPU)
Also known as the microprocessor; the brains of the computer.
Electronic device that receives data,processes data, stores data, and produces a result.
The part of a file name that comes after the period called "dot".
The name assigned for identification.
A way to organize files into manageable groups.
Graphical User Interfaces (GUIs)
Operating systems with graphical symbols representing files, programs, and documents.
The tangible, physical equipment that can be seen and touched.
Graphic images or symbols that represent applications (programs), files, disk drives, documents, embedded objects, or linked objects.
Enable the user to input data and commands into the computer.
Large, powerful computers that are used for centralized storage, processing, and management of very large amounts of data.
To enlarge a window on the computer to fill the computer screen.
The horizontal bar near the top of a window that lists the different types of menus to choose from when working with documents.
Sometimes called a personal computer; used at home or at the office by one person; can fit on top of or under a desk.
An integrated circuit silicon chip that contains the processing unit for a computer or a computerized appliance.
Microsoft's Dist Operating System (MS-DOS)
Originally introduced with the IBM PC in 1981.
Type of computer that is designed to serve multiple users and process significant amounts of data; larger that a microcomputer, but smaller that a mainframe.
To reduce a window on the screen to a button on the taskbar.
A circuit board that contains all of the computer system's main components.
Connects one computer to other computers and peripheral devices.
Systems software that provide an interface between the user of applications program and the computer hardware.
Enable the computer to give you the results of the processed data.
Plug And Play
Technology that allows a hardware component to be attached to a compute so that it is automatically configured by the operating systen, without user intervention.
Random Access Memory (RAM)
Where instructions and data are stored on a temporary basis; this memory is volatile.
Read-Only Memory (ROM)
Permanent storage; instructions are burned onto chips by the manufacturer.
To return a maximized or minimized window to its previous size.
Band on the right side or bottom of a window that you click to bring different parts of a document into view.
Intangible set of instructions that tell the computer what to do.
Largest and fastest computers, capable of storing and processing trememdous volumes of data.
A group of programs that coordinate and control the resources and operations of a computer system.
The horizinontal band at the bottom of the desktop that includes the Start button, minimized window button, and a row of icons usually related to input and output devices.
The application of scientific discoveries to the production of goods and services that improve the human enviroment.
The horizontal band in a window that displays the name of the program, data file, or another type of window.
A band near the top of a window that has groups' icons or buttons that will execute certain commands when clicked.
Analyzing problems to correct faults in the system.
Universal Serial Bus (USB)
Standard for computer ports that support data transfer rate of up to 12 million bits per second
Systems software that perform tasks related to managing the computer's resources, file management, diagnostics, and other specialized chores
A computer program that is written to cause corruption of data
Rectangular area of the screen used to display a program, data or other information