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polymerization

process when large compounds are built by joining smaller ones together

monomers

small units that can join together with other small units to form polymers

polymers

large compound formed from combinations of many monomers

carbohydrates

compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms, usually in a ratio of 1: 2: 1

monosaccharides

single sugar molecules

polysaccharides

large macromolecules formed from monosaccharides

lipid

macromolecule made mainly from carbon and hydrogen atoms; includes fats, oil, and waxes

nucleic acids

macromolecule containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon and phosphorus

nucleotide

monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base

ribonucleic acid (RNA)

single-stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose

deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

nucleic acids that contains the sugar deoxyribose

protein

macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen oxygen and nitrogen; needed by the body for growth and repair and to make up enzymes

amnio acid

compound with an amino group (-NH2) on one end and carboxyl group (-CO2H) on the other end

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