Georgia: Antebellum period

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Georgia played a small role in the Revolutionary war (1775-83). Slavery and corruption continued to spread. The friendly Creek and Cherokee nations were brutalized and exiled. Railroad expanded greatly connecting Athens, Augusta, Macon, and Savannah and Atlanta (Terminus) was founded

Yazoo Land Fraud

land companies bribed GA leaders to sell land cheaply; resulted in U.S. take-over of disputed land

James Jackson

Reformer, wants to clean up the mess made by the Federalists. Plans to repeal the Yazoo deal if elected. Father of Jeffersonian Party in Ga. Swept the election, takes office in 1796, rescinds the Yazoo purchase of year prior.

Trail of Tears

Cherokee were forced to leave their lands traveling over 800 miles more than 4,000 died; 1838

Indian Removal Act 1830

Passed by Congress under the Andrew Jackson administration, this act removed all Indians east of the Mississippi to an "Indian Territory" where they would be "permanently" housed.

Signed the Declaration of Independence

Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, and George Walton

Signed U.S. Constitution

Abraham Baldwin and William Few Jr.

Nancy Hart

a female patriot and spy credited with killing several Tories at her home.

Battle of Kettle Creek

battle near Augusta, GA won by the Patriots on February 14, 1779

Augusta

Becomes capital in 1779

Eli Whitney

Invented the cotton gin, 1793

cotton gin

machine which automated cotton processing

Gold Rush

largest discovery of gold east of the Mississippi, 1828

University of Georgia

established 1785

Wesleyan College

first womens college, 1836

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