exam 12/22/10 #3

42 terms by aftinlee 

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which hormone regulates calcium in the blood and the bones?

parathyroid hormone (pth)

insulin deficiency or resistance leads to hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis and leads to:

diabetes mellitus or insulin shock

element that is present in thyroxine:

iodine

description of achondroplasia:

genetic defective cartilage formation that affects bone growth (long bones)... type of dwarfism

characteristic of type 1 diabetes mellitus:

little or no insuline is produced.

description of tetany:

constant muscle contraction

ACTH

stimulates secretion of hormones from the adrenal cortex

ADH

stimulates water reabsorption by kidney tubules; decreases urine output

ALDOSTERONE

increases reabsorption of sodium by kidney tubules

CORTISOL

increases blood sugar

ESTRADIOL

develops and maintains female sex characteristics

INSULIN

helps transport glucose to cells; and decreases blood sugar

EPINEPHRINE

sympathomimetic; raises heart rate and blood pressure

TESTOSTERONE

promotes growth and maintenance of male sex characteristics

THYROXINE

increases metabolism in body cells

PARATHYRIOD HORMONE

raises blood calcium

how many glands are in the endocrine system of the body?

9

the peripheral nervous system refers to the nervous structures outside of the __?__

skull and spinal cord (central nervous system)

shunts are devices used to

relieve pressure in the brain caused by fluid buildup

what is neuroplasty?

decompression of intact nerves

the endocrine subsection of the cpt manual contains codes for __?__ endocrine glands

4

within the endocrine system description, the terms subtotal and __?__ mean somthing less than the total

partial

when reporting a craniectomy/craniotomy procedure, it is common to also code __?__ procedure

grafting

in the surgery of skull base, the __?__ procedure is what is done to the lesion

definitive

what is a health insurance company commonly referred to as?

third party

when can a contract be terminated?

if patient fails to keep appointment, account become delinquent (90 days), refuses to follow the physicians advice

when certain precise steps are not followed when a physician terminates the patient /doctor contract it is called

abandoning

the type of contract that exists between a healthcare provider and a patient is a/an

implied contract

members of a medical team who are not physisians are called __?__ members

ancillary

the act that address the prevention of healthcare fraud and abuse of patients eligible for medicare and medicaid benefits is the:

fraud and abuse act

what year was was HIPAA signed into law?

1996

in compliance with HIPAA, when patients visit their healthcare providers for treatment, they are given a:

privacy statement

the office of inpector general (OIG) recommends all medical facilities have a:

written compliance plan

medicare and medicaid records must be kept a minimum of __?__ years

5

befor medical information can be divulged to a third party, the patient should sign a:

separate release of information

when a health insurance professional intentionally and knowingly misrepresents facts to increase the payment of a claim, it is commonly known as:

fraud

improper methods of doing business that are contradictory to accepted business practices is a definintion of:

abuse

upcoding and unbundling of charges are examles of:

fraud

polyuria, polyphagia polydipsia, weight lass, and fatigue are the principal symtoms of:

diabetes mellitus

a congenital hypothyroid condition that causes mental and growth retardation in the infant or young child is called:

cretinism

diabetes, which has its onset during pregnancy is called:

gestational

the goal of insulin pump therapy is to do what?

simulate normal pancreatic beta-cell function and deliver both basil and bolus insulin doses in patients with type 1 diabetes

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