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blood cell formation within the red marrow of certain bones is called _____

hematopoisis

__________ are giant cells that destroy bone

osteoclasts

____________ is a disease of the bone in which bone reabsorption outpaces bone deposit, leaving the person with thin and often very fragile bone

osteopoisis

the disease in children whos diets lack calcium or vitamin D, where the bones fail to calcify is called _______

rickets

a fracture where the bone breakes cleanly but does not penetrate the skin is termed as a _______ fracture

closed

the fracture in question 5 can usually be treated by the nonsurgical realignment of the broken bones and splinting called ___________

immobilization

the hormone responsible for removing calcium from the serum and depositing in into the bone is _______

calcitonin

the brain stem and spinal cord exit the skull through the ______ bone

occipital

the disease in which uric acid accumulates in the blood and may be deposited as needle-shaped crystals in the soft tissues of joints is called ___

ghout

a fracture in which the bone in crushed commin in the vetebral column is called a _____ fractrue

compression

the suture that connects the two parietal bones together is the ______ suture

sagital

the suture that connects the pariental bones to the occipital bone is the _____ suture

lamboid

a fracture that results from twisting forces is called a ____ fracture

spiral

______ are cells that can build bony matrix

osteoblasts

an area of lon bone where growth takes place is the _____

breast plate

articulations permitting only slight degrees of movement are __________

amphiarchroses

articulations permitting no movement are called _______

synarchrosis

which of the following is NOT a function of the skeletal system

cellular immunity

vertebrae are considered ______ bones, whereas ankle bones are considered _______

irregular, short

which of the following groups of bones in the human body, catagorized according to shape is corect:

coxal bones - irregular bones

the periosteum is secured to the underlying bone by dense conncetive tissue called:

endochondral bone

red bone marrow functions to _______, wheras yellow bone marrow functions to ____

produce cells, store fat tissue

the presence of an epiphyseal plate indicates that

bone length is increasing

long bones in the adult begin as ______ in the embryo

hyaline cartilege

which of the folowing bones form from fibrous membranes

the parietal bone

the rocess of long bone rowth is controlled by ________

growth and sex hormones

the process of bone remodeling is controlled by _____

osteoblasts and osteoclasts

there are four stages in the healing of a bone fracture. which of the following best illustrates the sequence of the stages
(1) bony callus formation
(2) bone remodeling
(3) fibrocartilage callus formation
(4) hematona formation

4/3/1/2

an excess of parathyroid hormone can _____ bone breakdown by causing increased activity of osteoclasts

increase

a compound fracture can be described as when the

broken bone is exposed to the outside

a fracture that is common in children, whose bones have realtively more collagen in their matrix and are more fleaxible that those of adults, is a

greenstick fracture

a fracture that is common in people with osteoporosis

compression fracture

the axial skeleton contains

the skull, vertebral column, and rib cage

the foramen magnum passes through the

axis

the hyoid bone is unique because

it is the only bone of the body that does not directly articulate with any other bone

the five regions of the vertebral column from superior to inferior are

cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccygeal

which of the following is correct of the femae pelvis when comparint it with the male pelvis

the distance between the female ischial spines is greater

ther are _____ pair of true ribs, whereas there are ____ pair of floating ribs

7/2

which of the following is NOT a component of the "upper extremity"

tarsals

which of the following is NOT a component of the "lower extremity"

metacarpals

chronic forms of arthritis include each of the following except

costal carilage arthritis

There are only two fontanels present in the normal fetal cranium (T/F)

false

Fontanels allow the fetal skull to be compressed slightly during birth (T/F)

true

the layman's term for the scapula is the collarbone

false

Costal cartilages foin ribs to the sternum (T/F)

true

in anatomical position, the lateral forearm bone is the radius (T/F)

true

there are seven cervical, twelve thracic, and five lumbar vertabrae (T/F)

true

the tibia is also known as the shinbone (T/F)

true

fontanels allow for growth of the brain (T/F)

true

chronic forms of arthritis usually result from bacterial incasion of the joint (T/F)

false

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