Chapter 14 Medieval Japan

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great change

period during which japan was divided into provinces

daimyo

powerful military lords

onin war

warriors who agreed to fight for nobles in exchange for land

Murasaki Shikibu

a female novelist and poet

Jimmu

the first of the Yamato leaders of japan; Emporer of Heaven: founded line of rulers never to be broken

Minamoto Yoritomo

the first shogun; ruthless ruler, killed many of his own relatives

nara peirod

AD 700's

shogun

military leader; title given be Emporer

the tale of genghi

a novel written by Murasaki Shikibu

gempei war

civil war between the tiara family and the minamoto family

jomon

an ancient japanese culture that used cords to mark pottery

kamikaze

typhoons that smashed attaking mongol ships

vassals

samurai who gave on oath of loyalty

origami

the art of folding paper

shinto

a Japanese religion based on the belief in nature spirits

constitution

a plan of government

the yai clans

headed by warriors

Shotoku

Yamato prince who used china as an example for japan; created a constitution

the emperor created the title of shogun

to reward his wife's family

when the mongols attacked japan

their ships were smashed by storms

feudalism

a bond of loyalty between a lord and a vassal is known as

afterlife

most japanese people believed that buddhism prepared them for the

calligraphy

the art of writing beautifully

rice and wheat

Japanese farmers grow

sea of japan

lies between china and japan

Yamato

today's emperor of japan decended from

Yamato wrote the constitution

during the great change

government officials during the nara period

hired because they were from nobles from powerful families

the samurai

loyal to their nobles

shogunate

the military government of japan

Ashikaga takauji

general who made himself shogun

the onin war

a time when warriors fought for control

zen Buddhism

taught how to achieve inner peace

animism

Early Japanese believed all things are alive (wind, mountains, rivers) All these have spirits

Kamakura

small seaside town

shrine

holy place to worshiop

Hokkaido

one of Japan's four largest islands

Honshu

one of Japan's four largest islands

Shikoku

one of Japan's four largest islands

Kyushu

one of Japan's four largest islands

Marusaki Shikibu

great novelist and poet of the Japanese Heian period; she wrote the Tale of Genji; some people believe the work is the world's first novel

Japan

a chain of more than 3000 islands that run north to south in the pacific ocean off the Korean peninsula

samurai

warriors who agreed to fight for the nobles

samurai

means "one who serves"

Yayoi

introduced farming, made pottery, lived in clans, skilled metalsmiths

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