Poetry

Created by akeldama725 

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speaker

the narrator of a poem

line

a group of words on one line of a poem

stanza

a group of lines arranged together

rhythm

can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration and refrain

meter

a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

Free Verse Poetry

no repeating patterns of syllables, no rhyme, conversational, modern

rhyme scheme

a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always); this pattern is shown with letters

onomatopoeia

words that imitate the sound they name

alliteration

consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words

consonance

repeated consonant sounds are anywhere in the words

assonance

repeated vowel sounds are in a line or lines of poetry

repetition

a sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem

simile

a comparison of two things using like, as, than, or resembles

metaphor

a direct comparison of two unlike things

extended metaphor

a metaphor that goes several lines or possibly the entire length of the work

hyperbole

exageration often used for emphasis

personification

an object, something natural, or an animal is given life-like qualities

symbolism

a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents something else

imagery

language that appeals to the five senses

Shakespearean Sonnet

a fourteen line poem with a specific rhyme scheme

concrete poem

a poem in which the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem

unimeter

a line of metered poetry with 1 foot

dimeter

a line metered poetry with 2 feet

trimeter

a line of metered poetry with 3 feet

tetrameter

a line of metered poetry with 4 feet

pentameter

a line of metered poetry with 5 feet

hexameter

a line of metered poetry with 6 feet

octameter

a line of metered poetry with 8 feet

decameter

a line of metered poetry with 10 feet

heptameter

a line of metered poetry with 7 feet

iamb

a two syllable foot that is unstressed/stressed

trochee

a two syllable foot that is stressed/unstressed

spondee

a two syllable foot that is stressed/stressed

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