a device in which characters and events stand for abstract ideas, principles, or forces, so that the literal situation suggests a deeper symbolic meaning
the repetition of the same sound or letter at the beginning of consecutive words or syllables
a situation expressed in such a way as to give more than one interpretation in order to leave uncertainty as to true significance of the passage
the repetition of words at the beginning of successive clauses
parallel structure that juxtaposes contrasting ideas
a technique by which a writer addresses an inanimate object, an idea, or a person who is either dead or absent
a challenged position; an opposing arguement
stream of conscienceness
writing in which a character's perceptions, thoughts, and memories are presented in an apparently random form, without regard for logical sequence, chronology, or syntax.
an ironic, sarcastic, or witty composition that claims to argue for something, but actually argues against it
A contradiction between what is said and what is meant; incongruity between action and result
Retelling an event or series of events
The purpose of this rhetorical mode is to re-create, invent, or visually present a person, place, event, or action so that the reader can picture that being described. Sometimes an author engages all five senses.