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Legionaires' disease is caused by

a gram-negative bacterium

Describe lobar pneumonia

sudden onset of fever & chills with rales and rusty sputum

Histoplasmosis is caused by

a fungus

T or F : Faliure to excrete meconium is a common idicator of CF in newborns

True

T of F: Cystic Fibrosis is transmitted by an autosomal dominant gene

False, the gene is recessive

T of F: Destruction of alveolar walls and septae is typical of acute asthma

False, it is typical of emphysema

Chronic bronchitis is caused by

chronic irritation, infammation and infection of the larger airways

T of F: type 1 hypersensitivity reaction is the basis for acute attacks of extrinsic asthma

True

T or F: Caseation necrosis and formation of a tubercle identifies primary TB

True

Emphysema is NOT when

ventilation/perfusion ratio remains constant

Pathological changes with bronchiectasis include

airway obstruction and weak, dilated bronchial walls

T or F: Wheezing and stridor would be significant signs of bronchiectasis

False, Significant signs of bronchiectasis include chronic cough producing large quantizes of purulent sputum.

T or F: Thrombus forming in the deep vein of the leg is a common source of pulmonary embolus

True

A large sized pulmonary embolus is likely to cause

hypotension and right sided heart failure

T or F: the mediastinum shifts toward the unaffected side during inspiration in a flail chest injury

True

T or F: Retention of fluid in the lungs causes respiratory distress syndrome in infants

False, Infant respiratory distress syndrome can result from insufficient surfactant production.

T or F: Decreased bicarbonate ion is the first change in arterial blood gases with diarrhea.

True

T or F: Increased excretion of hydrogen ions is initially caused by vomiting

False, initially caused by metabolic alkalosis.

Common causes of hiatal hernia include

increased intra-abdominal pressure

allergy to shellfish is likely to develope

acute gastritis

T of F: High cholesterol concentration in the bile is a predisposing factor to cholelithiasis

True

The most common type of hepatitis transmitted by blood transfusion is

Hepatitis C of HCV

Acute pancreatitis causes massive inflammation and necrosis due to

activation and spread of proenzymes

T of F: Acute appendicitis is usually initiated by obstruction of the lumen of the appendix

True

Hypovolemic shock develops with intestinal obstruction as a result of

vomiting and intestinal distension

What do both hypokalemia and hyperkalemia cause?

cardiac arrythmias

Metabolic acidosis is commonly seen in which disease/condition?

diabetes mellitus

What would a serum pH of 7.33 in a patient with kidney disease indicate?

metabolic acidosis

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