PN 117 Intro to Nursing Chap 4

27 terms by red2003xlt 

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These flashcards are germaine to my Intro to Nursing class using the Foundations and Adult Health Nursing book.

apical pluse

Represents the actual beating of the heart.
Use the apical pulse when taking the pulse of an infant.

auscultate

Listen for sounds within the body to evaluate the condition of the heart, lungs, pleura, intestines, or other organs or to detect fetal heart tones

blood pressure

Pressure exerted by the circulating volume of blood on the arterial walls, the viens, and the chambers of the heart.

bradycardia

unusually low heart beat under 60 bpm, slow heart rate, usually below 60 beats per minute

bradypnea

slow respiratory rate, usually below 10 respirations per minute

Cheyne-Stokes respirations

Abnormal pattern of respirations characterized by alternating periods of apnea and deep, rapid breathing. The periods of apnea increase as time goes on. Noted in critically or terminally ill patient.

diastolic

The lower number; Measurement of blood pressure taken when the heart is at rest; measurement of the constant pressure in arteries.

dyspnea

Difficulty breathing

dysrhythmia

Any disturbnce or abnormality in a normal heart rhythmic pattern, specificly, irrgularity in the normal rhythm of the heart

febrile

Elevated body temperature (relating to a fever)

hypertension

a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)

hyperthermia

abnormally high body temperature

hypotension

lower than normal blood pressure

Korotkoff sounds

FIVE PHASES OF SOUNDS HEARD WHEN TAKING A BLOOD PRESSURE

orthostatic hypotension

a drop of 25 mm Hg in systolic pressure and a drop of 10 mm Hg in diastolic pressure when moving from a lying to sitting position

pulse

the rate at which the heart beats

pulse deficit

The difference between the rate of an apical pulse and the rate fo a radial pulse

pulse pressure

difference between systolic and diastolic blood pressure measurements

respiration

the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation
Normal rate is 12 - 20 per minute

sphygmomanometer

an instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure

stethoscope

instrument used to listen to the sounds of the heart, lungs, and other internal organs

systolic

the higher number; measurement of blood pressure taken when the heart is contracting and forcing blood into the arteries

tachycardia

abnormally rapid heartbeat (over 100 beats per minute)

tachypnea

an abnormally rapid rate of respiration, usually >20 breaths per minute

temperature

a relative measure of sensible heat or cold

tympanic

membranous "eardrum"

vital signs

temperature, pulse, respirations, and blood pressure

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