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republic

a form of government in which power is in the hands of representatives elected by voting citizens.

patrician

a member of the wealthy, priveledged upper class.

plebian

common farmers, artistans, and merchants who mad eup most of the roman population

tribune

an official elected by the plebians to protect their rights

consul

one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command the army and direct the government

senate

the supreme government body, originally made up only of aristocrats

dictator

a political leader given absolute power to make laws and command the army for a limited time

legion

a military unit of the roman army made up of about 5,000 foot soldiers and a group of them on horseback

punic wars

three wars between rome and carthage that resulted in the defeat of Carthage and roman control over that region

hannibal

a brilliant military strategist who wanted to avenge Carthage's earlier defeat

civil war

a conflict between two political groups within the same country

julius caesar

military leader who became ruler of rome in the triumvirate, but due to jealousy of his power, was assasinated

triumvirate

a group of three leaders sharing control of the govenment

augustus

caesar;s nephew who took power as the unchallenged ruler of rome after his uncle's assasination

pax romana

a period of peace and prosperity throughout the roman empire

inflation

a decline in the value of money accompanied by a rise in the prices of goods and services

mercenary

a soldier who is paid to fight in a foreign army

diocletian

strong-willed army leader who became the new emperor

constantinoble

diocletion moved the capital of rome to the eastern side which was called Bzantium, which was later named after Constantine, which became Constantinoble

attila

chieftan who united Germany and the Huns

greco-roman culture

an ancient roman culture that developed from a blending of greek, hellenistic, and roman clutures

pompeii

roman town which was was convered in ash when nearby Mt. Vesuvius erupted, preserving many buildings and pieces of art

virgil

the roman poet who wrote the aenid

tacitus

roman historian who wrote annais and histories
wrote down history correctly

aqueduct

a pipeline or channel built to carry water to highly populated areas

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