ER Medications

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IV

Intravenous; Delivered through a vein

IVP

Intravenous Push; Brief injection through a vein

IVPB

Intravenous Piggy Back; In tandem with, usually with normal saline

IM

Intramuscular; Directly into the muscle

SQ

Subcutaneous; Directly into the skin

PO

Per Os; Orally, by the mouth

PR

Per Rectum; Rectally, into the rectum

SL

Sub-Lingual; Under the tongue

gtt

Drops; Droplet, i.e. an ophthalmic eye drops

Drip

Intravenous Drip; Continuous injection through a vein.

Neb

Inhaled Nebulizer; Inhaled mist

Patch

Transdermal; Directly through the skin

How do you write a medication order? Give example...please.

Medication name --> Dosage Strength --> Route
examples:
Levaquin 750mg IVPB
Tylenol 1g PO
Morphine 2.5mg IVP

Advanced Cardiac Support

used during cardiac resuscitation efforts

Analgesics

alleviate pain.

Antiarrhythmics

Used for correcting abnormal rhythms in the heart

Antibiotics

Used to treat or protect against bacterial infections

1-Anticoagulants and 2-Thrombolytics

1-Thin blood [for blood clots] and 2-break apart clots that have already formed [dangerous!]

Anticonvulsants

Used to decrease the likelihood of seizures

Antiemetics

Used to reduce nausea and vomiting

Antihistamines

Used to reverse allergic reactions

Antihypogylcemics

Used to increase blood glucose levels

Antihyperglycemics

Used to decrease blood glucose levels

Antihypertensives

Used to decrease blood pressure

Antipsychotic

Used to decrease psychotic behavior

Anxiolytics

Used to decrease feelings of anxiousness

Brochodialators

Used to dilate the airways and improve respiratory function

Corticosteroids

Steroids used to decrease inflammation

GI Meds

Used to ease gastrointestinal discomforts

Induction Agents

Used to induce anesthesia prior to a procedure that requires sedation

Local Analgesics

Used to numb a localized area of tissue, usually for wound repairs

Muscle Relaxants

Used to relax muscle tension or spasms

Narcotic Antagonist

Used to counteract opioid overdose

Neuromusculer Blockers/Paralytics

Used to paralyze the muscles of the body, usually used to prepare the patient for intubation.

Potassium

Used to treat hypokalemia [low potassium]

Sedatives

Used to calm, or mildly sedate the patient

Vasodialators

Used to dilate blood vessels to improve blood flow

Vertigo

Used to treat dizziness associated with vertigo

Miscellaneous

various medications involving burns, skin tears, bilirubin increase, corneal abrasions, and Esophageal FB.

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