B101 Theory Blue Mod

49 terms by hwatson101 

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Combination of A&P chapter 22 and MA chapters 45 and 54 reviews

trachea

This structure is called the windpipe and is supported by rings of cartilage:

bronchioles

These respiratory tubes are primarily composed of smooth muscle and determine the flow of air to the alveoli:

bronchi

The trachea branches into the right and left:

pulmonary capillaries

Oxygen diffuses from the alveoli into the...

phrenic

This nerve innervates the diaphragm:

skeletal muscle

The diaphragm is made of:

serous membranes

The pleural membranes are...

dyspnea

Difficulty breathing is called...

cartilage

The adam's apple is made of...

paranasal sinuses

Frontal, maxillary, sphenoidal and ethmoidal are...

air moves out of the lungs

When the diaphragm and the intercostal muscles relax...

normal, quiet breathing

Which best describes eupnea?

attatched to hemoglobin

Most oxygen is transported through the blood...

wheezing

Bronchiolar constriction is most likely to cause...

alveoli

Surfacants are found within the...

water

Intra-alveolar surface tension is due to...

ventilation

Boyle's law forms the basis of...

pressure

Boyle's law states the relationship between volume and...

are located in the upper respiratory tract

The nares, nostrils and nasal septum...

oxyhemoglobin and carbaminohemoglobin

Which of the following is most realated to the transport of the respiratory gases by the blood?

constriction of the bronhiolar smooth muscle

Which of the following contributes to the wheezing of asthma?

trachea

Anatomic dead air space is most associated with this structure:

has a high surface tension

The water molecule is polar, meaning that each end of the molecule has an electrical charge because of this characteristic, water....

alveoli

Which of the following structures is located in the lungs?

diffusion

What is the transport mechanism necessary for the movement of oxygen from the alveoli across the pulmonary capillary membranes into the blood?

alveoli

Across which structure does most gas exchange occur?

alveoli

Which structure has the thinnest wall?

the diaphragm contracts

The phrenic nerve fires...which event occurs next?

bronchus

This respiratory structure is distal to the trachea and proximal to the alveoli.

larynx

Which structure is classified as part of the upper respiratory tract?

pharynx and trachea

The medical terms for "throat" and "windpipe" are:

rales

Crackling sounds heard on auscultation of the chest are known as?

asthma

Nonproductive cough and expiratory wheezing are signs of:

inspiration

Which respiratory action is initiated by a signal from the medulla oblongata?

do not cough during the test & it is OK to bend at the waist but not at the chin

In preparation of a patient for spirometry, which of the following instructions is appropriate?

trachea

The main trunk of the respiratory system is the...

hypoventilation

Which of the following refers to slow and shallow respiration?

inhalation

When the physician orders a nebulizer treatment, the route of drug administration is through....

spirometry

The procedure that measures the amount of air moving into and out of the lungs is:

the genus and the habitat of the organism

In the scientific name Escherichia Coli, "Coli" is:

nosocomial

An infection aquired in the hospital is called:

rickettsia

Tiny gram-negative organisms transmitted by blood-sucking insects are:

treponema pallidum

An organism that is unlikely to be transmitted by airborne droplets is:

clostridium botulinum

An organism that is unlikely to be transmitted by sexual contact is:

streptobacilli

You observe a bacterial smear and note that the arrangement of the organisms resembles the stitching on jeans. This arrangement is termed:

incineration

The ideal means for sterilizing a wire inoculating loop between uses is:

purple rods

Microscopically, a gram-positive bacillus appears as:

helicobacter pylori

The rapid detection test that assists in the diagnosis of stomach ulcers detects:

a microscope to view the eggs that have adhered to a lengh of cellulose tape

A cellulose tape test for pinworms requires:

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