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cell cycle

the regular SEQUENCE OF GROWTH & DIVISION that cells undergo

interphase

the FIRST STAGE of the cell cycle that takes place BEFORE CELL DIVISON occurs

replication

the process in which DNA IS COPIED in the nucleus of the cell

mitosis

the STAGE of the cell cycle DURING WHICH THE CELL'S NUCLEUS DIVIDES into two new nuclei and one copy of the DNA is distributed into each daughter cell

chromosome

a doubled rod of condensed chromatin

cytokinesis

the FINAL STAGE of the cell cycle, in which the cell's cytoplasm divides, distributing the organelles into each of the two new cells

prophase

threadlike chromatin form double rod chromosomes. spindle fibers form a bridge between the ends of the cell. nuclear envelope

metaphase

middle. Chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell and attach to spindle fiber at its centromere

anaphase

centromeres split apart. chromatids separate and move along spindle fibers to opposite ends of cell. cell begins to stretch.

anaphase

centromeres split apart. chromatids separate and move along spindle fibers to opposite ends of cells. cell stretches out

telophase

final state of mitosis. cell membrane pinches in around middle of cell. cell split in two. each daughter has identical set of chromosomes

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