The land between rivers, where the SUmerians lived ("cradle of civilization")
Tall stepped platforms which rose up to the heavens (for deity worship); examples include the Tower of Babylon
Standard of Ur
A foursided rectangular box with 18-inch wide side panels depicting figures from all classes of Sumerican society. It is the first work of art to tell a narrative story and divide panels into registers. It also uses hierarchical scale.
Victory Stele of Naram-Sin
A stele commemorating Naram-Sin's military victories. Naram Sin wears a horned helmet symbolizing divinity, and the work uses hierarchical scale.
Horizontal bands which divide panels to organize a story (used, for example, in the Standard of Ur)
A technique which uses size to indicate a ruler's high status. (Most important figure is largest)
An upright stone slab or pillar (for example: Naram-Sin's)
An 8 foot stele containing more than 3500 lines of cuneiform characters which held the world's first code of law.
Winged five-legged bulls with human heads. Considered divine guardians in Assyria.
A low-relief panel from Assyria depicting a wounded lion fierced by three arrows.
A wonder at Babylon named for Ishtar, the goddess of love, fertility and war.
An enormous audience hall (such as the one in the citadel at Persepolis)