a Jewish house of worship
the cemeteries of the early Christians
a long hallway or long, narrow room
shelves where the dead were placed
a round design, decoration, etc. that looks like a medal.
semicircular frames that contained important scenes from the O.T.
orientation of the mosque
the niche whose origin is debated (most seem to think that it represents the place where muhammad sat in his medina home while leading prayers)
crier who calls the faithful to prayer
a screened area in front of the mihrab reserved for the local ruler or other high official.
A recess, usually semicircular, in the wall of a Roman basilica or at the east end of a church.
A rectangular area which cuts across the main axis of a basilica-type buiding and projects beyond it. makes basilica look like a cross
the central area of a church
aisles to the side of the nave
a vestibule leading to the nave of a church
main square building inside the building
a great four-columned canopy
a type of church with all building features surrounding a central point
in a central plan church, the side aisle is known known as...
Popular design motif. Little, pudgy, rosy-cheeked babies, sometimes with wings. Shown doing "grown-up" things like making bread, riding chariots, making wine.
a series of arches. arches are simply for decoration and provide no actual openings. (two words)
a collection of separate sheets called folios bound together and enclosed with a cover
separate sheets that make up a codex
2 words. decorated luxurious handwritten manuscripts.
a picture or bas-relief made of two panels hinged together, often an altarpiece. may also be any picture consisting of two individual surfaces, an ancient Roman or Early Christian two-hinged writing tablet, or two ivory memorial panel.
a native or inhabitant of Byzantium or of the Byzantine Empire
A mass of masonry or brickwork used as a support or brace counteracting the outward (lateral) thrust of an arch or vault
A spherical triangle which acts as a transition between a circular dome and a square base on which the dome is set.
Contrast with squinch.
Do not confuse with pendant.
The lowest voussoir on each side of an arch. It is where the vertical support for the arch terminates and the curve of the arch begins.
the part of a church reserved for clergy and containing the altar and the choir
the monogram of christ on a soldiers shield P with an X
mother of God
a small panel depicting Christ and/or the Saints
Greek cross plan
a cross in which all the arms are the same length. the building is literally a cross. 3 words
characteristics of middle byzantine art
5 words. iconoclasm, flat, frontal figures on a golden background, illusionisticdepth, exteriors ornamented, etc
A painting or carving that has three side-by-side parts, panels, or canvases. Typically, a ----- has three hinged panels, the two outer panels designed so they can be folded in towards the central one
a tripartite icon in the byzantine tradition, usually showing christ enthroned between the virgin mary and St. John the Baptist, who intercede on behalf of humankind
a book of the bible ascribed to jeremiah
where angel announces to mary that she will have a baby named jesus
in iraq, at one time, the largest mosque in the world
a seminary and is a common structure
- a complicated, intertwined, flowing design of stylized floral and plant motifs loosely based on Arabian decoration
2 words. abstract patterns with animal forms were known as...
enamels fused inside a wire enclosure on a metal or porcelain ground, forming chambers to receive colored glass pastes
seafaring people from Scandinavia in Northern Europe
decorative panels which were a characteristics of hiberno-saxon manuscript illumination and should be remembered as such.
refers to the early medieval art produces on the islands of ireland (ancient name hibernia) and britan (primary ethnic group were the saxons)
period of intellectual, cultural, and economic revival occurring in the late eighth and ninth centuries, with the peak of the activities occurring during the reigns of both Charlemagne and Louis the Pious. 2 words
10th Century AD